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Lecture 5

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University of Toronto St. George
Hywel Morgan

Lecture 5: Language Development • Phonological (sound), thought to involve theories of pattern recognition part of schema, becomes automatic. Requires exposure over time. From long-term memory. • Semantic (meaning) smallest unit of meaning. Syllables, morpheme, bank-more than one meaning. Carry denotation, definition but also connotation. Spinster-connotation attached to this multi slabic word.Acused-negative connotation, presubposition. Words may have a fuzzy set-waste basket. Contextual words-not clearly understand what it is related to. Ie/ in advertising. Translation ie/biscuit. Metaphors-meaning is different until12 years of age. Bleeding me dry. • Syntactic (grammar): telegraphic speech (two words), rules for words. Has a surface structure and underlying structure. Propositional units are basic ideas. Syntax identifies propositional units. Ie/ brave young Snoopy withstood the cat's sharp blows. Has 5 ideas. Snoopy was brave, cats blows, sharp blows. • Pragmatic (context/communication): My what a beautiful day-when there is a storm, sarcasm. The troops marched into battle for two hours. Context coming from a babysitter. Listener has to be sensitive to the meaning of language. Disorder isAsperger's Syndrome. Unable to understand context, affective and social. -LAD, learning quickly, parts of the brain comprehends-Wernke and produce-Broca. Requires exposure, complex rules. -bilingual: intelligence increases -trilingual: no more increase -more languages: intelligence decreases Language and the Brain Neurolinguistics: a special branch of linguistics which studies the physical structure of the brain as it relates to language production and comprehension. Requires exposure to the environment. Broca-production and Wernicke-comprhension. Left hemisphere at the cortex involved in comprehending and producing language. Damaged Wernike-loss of comprehension of language in the temporal lobe near the ears. Broca in frontal lobe, primary motor cortex for voluntary movement. Visual/Auditor
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