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Adam Dube (11)
Lecture 11

April 1 Lecture 11 Peer.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY312H1
Professor
Adam Dube
Semester
Winter

Description
Peer RelationshipsWhats Special About Peer Relationships Theorists such as Piaget Vygotsky and Sullivan have argued that peer relationships provide a unique context for cognitive social and emotional development In their view the equality reciprocity cooperation and intimacy that can develop in peer relationships enhance childrens reasoning ability and their concern for othersPeer relationships are unique because those individuals are most similar to you in age in interest in ability cognitive capacity attitudes likes desires These are people who are like each other and influence each otherFriendships Definition Intimate reciprocated positive relationships between people Reciprocate give and take they share with each other Intimacy sharing your ideas beliefs and emotions with another individualThe degree to which the conditions of friendship become evident in peer interactions increases with age duringEarly Peer Interactions Some researchers have argued that children can have friends by or before age 2 Even 12 to 18montholds seem to select and prefer some children over others Starting at around 20 months of age children also increasingly initiate more interactions with some children than with others Those they have experience with seeking familiarityBy the age of 2 children begin to develop skills that allow greater complexity in their social interactions They have particular language they can explicitly state that he is my friendThese include imitating other peoples social behaviour engaging in cooperative problem solving and reversing roles during play Two year old and watch this model playing and they imitate the behaviour One child tries to reach an object they are good at identifying agency you want something I know what you want and I can help you get itThese more complex skills tend to be in greater evidence in the play of friends than of non friends strangersDevelopmental Changes Between ages 6 and 8 children define friendship primarily on the basis of actual activities and view friends in terms of rewards and costsIdentify in terms of share activities At 9 children become more sensitive to the needs of othersThey tend to point out what they bring into the relationshipAt 10 Loyalty mutual understanding and selfdisclosure become important parts of friendshipWhen you are sad there is someone for youThey know the other person knows things about them and they know about others Friends are people you share things with Thus some researchers believe true friend does not exist before 10 because this is when they participate in selfdisclosure
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