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Lecture 9

March 18 Lecture 9 Morality & Development of the Self.docx

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Adam Dube

Development of the SelfThinking about the self Iselfthe part that initiates organizes and interprets experience I think therefore I am Develop early in lifeDouble touchproprioceptionthe sense of ones own limb movementMeself a reective observer that treats the self as an object of knowledge and evaluation by sizing up its diverse attributes thinking of who you are as a person your likes dislikes what you say about yourself narrative selfSelfrecognition the process coming to know that the Iself and meself existSelf recognition refers to perception of the self as a separate being distinct from people and objects in the surrounding worldAt rst babies react to contingency cues when presented with their own moving imageMirror test as early as three months of age baby recognizes the contingency that when they move the thing in the mirror moves When I move and feel myself move the thing moves When infants were shown with video of themselves they will stare at these things which are moved as the same time But they do not stare as long at those delayed video of themselves By the middle of the second year toddlers respond to feature cues which have to do with their unique visual appearanceMirror selfrecognition task they actually recognize that them in the mirror This is when you put dot on their nose they will remove the dot when they see it in the mirror Around age 2 recognition of the self is well establishedThey will actively investigate themselves at the mirror eg pulling shirt upFlexibility in the determinants of selfrecognitionSpatial exibilityEarly selfspecifying proprioceptive and visual perception is not limited to the direct visual exploration of limb movements eg hand waving in the eld of view but can be spatially disembodied There is an early capacity for an ejection outside the limits or physical envelop of the bodily self Baldwin 1925 he highlights how complex it is for infants projecting who I am into an object this thing out there is somehow me which they can do this at around age 2 Such recognition is almost unique to human and we do itin very early age Another animal is dolphin Temporal exibilityEarly sensitivity to the timing of events might rest primarily on the detection of the relative amount of redundancy and congruence in the broad sense not the precise temporal coincidence between two eventsIf the mirror is delayed for 5 seconds as long as it repeats the infants actino exactly young children as early as 3 month recognize the contingency There is some connection between me and it They learn the connection between me and the environment even if it happens in the futureThe importance of a sense of agency
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