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PSY321H1 (13)
Nick Rule (6)

Claire Yeh

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University of Toronto St. George
Nick Rule

Lecture 4 Cultural Psychology October 3 2012 Thursday Living in Multicultural worlds  Cultural ambiguity  What is Michaelle Jean’s culture?  Acculturation o What happens when people move to a new culture? o [def] process of migrating to and learning cultural different from original  Difficult to study generalize o Three stages:  Honeymoon -  Feeling to the host culture in the y-axis  Excitement  Cultural crisis and cultural shock -  You are not as interesting to the host culture people, and you start to have problem making friends  Adjustment phase –  Things normalize   doesn’t take the same stages for everyone  Influence of homogeneity  U- or L- shape model  L-shape curve in such that there is no adjustment time  [ex] Japan is a country with high level of homogeneity – attitude towards new practices o You either assimilate, or it simply doesn’t work out o Cultural distance  [def] differences between two cultures (heritage and host)  [exp] Language (TOEFL scores)  Clustering in terms of how similar the language roots are  Germanic – Romance – Other I-E – (Indo-European language) – Non-Indo-European language   people tend to not acculturate as well with large distance in languages  [exp] Malaysian students study (Ward et al., 1995)  Fewer difficulties in Singapore than New Zealand  [exp] Indigenous tribes in Canada study  Different stratified levels lead to different levels of acculturation  Social stratification o Cultural fit  [def] degree of similarity between personality and cultural values  “extraversion” – should extraverts always fare better than introverts?  Turns out extraverts don’t always do better than introverts, it depends on the host culture  [exp] Malaysians and Singaporean fared better in New Zealand than introverted o East Asians are expected to be more introverted 1 o Because Malaysian and Singapore pride more introverts, New Zealanders have harder time to adjust, because people don’t want to be friends with them o The case in which extraversions don’t really benefit o Acculturation strategies  People utilize different acculturation strategies when facing changes  Attitude to host culture in the x-axis, and attitude to heritage culture in the y-axis  Marginalize, assimilation, separation, integration  Need for cognitive closure – your tolerance for uncertainty  Uncertainty results from immigration  [exp] study for Croatians in Italy – who don’t really need for their uncertainty resolved o X-axis the need for closure; y-axis is the degree of acculturation o People who have low need to resolve uncertainty: doesn’t matter that much for them how different the people they are hanging out with are from themselves  integration, assimilation o People’s approach to novel situation makes a difference o Acculturation isn’t always positive  [ex] obesity  The longer immigrants live in U.S. heavier they become o Latinos = obesity o Japanese = heart problems  Vietnamese immigrants in New Orleans tend to do better in school and getting better jobs are the ones that stay home and assimilate less  Multicultural people o After you have successfully acculturated, what happens after? o Blending  When you have bicultural people show psychological tendencies in between two cultures.  [exp] Japanese moving to Canada and Canadians move to Japan  Measure self-esteem o When left o 7 months later o  found that Jap
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