1. collectivism: orientation toward ones group and needs and wished to ones group
2. Agency: certain amount of autonomy and independence.
3. 3. Assertiveness
4. 4. Relatedness
Do men and women score differently on these four factors?
Agency assertiveness and collectivism showed no difference in scores.
Only dimension saw a gender difference was relatedness. Women across cultures scored higher
compared to men. True for all of the cultures they examined.
Men are not more independent and women interdependent just maybe women are more
interdependent only to the sensitivity and needs of others.
Multinational corporation employers. Found several dimensions in variations in values.
Found masculinity and femininity dimension.
Loose cultures’norms regarding expectations for ppls behaviour, not clearly defined and
conveyed. Fewer and less severe sanctions when violating these norms.
Flexbility in the types of behviors considered to be gender are looser in heterogenous cultures
Tight- clear and explicit norms, punishments violating these norms. Females outperform males
are hunting and gathering, normadic
Norms and expectations regarding what mena dn womena re supposed to are looser results in
reverse of typical or early findings of gender difference.
Women confirm more than men stereotype universal?
Conformity index indicates likelihood to extent