Class Notes (838,386)
Canada (510,872)
Psychology (3,528)
PSY322H1 (18)
Lecture 9

PSY322 Lecture 9.docx

7 Pages
107 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSY322H1
Professor
Alison Chasteen
Semester
Winter

Description
PSY Lecture 9: Sexual Orientation Ageism Fiske Prejudice Model:  4 types of types based on competence and warmth.  Warmth:  Prejudice: 1. Incompetent but warmth  Low status, not competitive  Results in paternalistic prejudice  A condescending treatment. Talking down to, not taking them seriously but NO hostility.  Warm feelings but do not respect them as much.  E.g. elderly, disabled and housewives. 2. Incompetent and not warm  Low in status, competitive  Results in contemptuous prejudice  Welfare, poor people 3. Competent but not warm  High status, competitive  Results in Envious prejudice  Jews, Asians, Feminists, Wealthy people. 4. Competent and warm  High in warmth, no competition  In-groups and close allies. Admiration  Stereotypes of Working Moms  Fiske et al 2004  How are working moms viewed compared to working ads and working women without children  Ps rated fictional targets: Competence, warmth, likelihood of professional rewards  Target: either male/female with a child or not  Predictions:  Working moms would be viewed as housewives are viewed: warm but incompetent  Working moms warmer but less competent than working women without kids  Fewer professional rewards for working moms  Results:  Working moms are rated as the warmest and incompetent  Working moms are rated as warmer than lower in competence than working women without kids.  Working moms were the least likely to receive rewards.  Working dads are rated the same competence and warmer and more likely to receive awards than working man without children.  Working Dads: admiration  Working Moms: paternalistic prejudice.  Implications:  Women accounted for only 14.4% of executive positions  Women continue to earn less than men. The ratio is 81:100. Sexism:  Old-fashioned sexism  Endorse in traditional gender roles and gender stereotypes  Believe in different treatment of men and women  Modern seism  Less blatant, denial of discrimination against women  Non-support of programs and legislation to help women  Benevolent vs. Hostile  Benevolent: positive but stereotyped views, paternalistic prejudice.  Hostile: negative attitudes. Belief in inferiority and incompetence  Canada rankings out of 135 countries:  Overall for women: 18  Econmic:10  Education: 31  Political: 26  Health and survival: 49  Iceland has the least gender gap difference, Scandinavian countries.  Other Signs of Sexism: Sports  University Sports in Canada  Men make up only 44% student body by have 56% of the varsity sport opportunities  Women make up 56% of students and enjoy only 444 of sports on varsity teas  Olympic Sports  After a long battle to get into the Olympics, female boxers may be required to wear skirts in the ring for the 2012 London games  AIBA suggested skirts as a way to help women stand out from men  FIFA president suggesting women soccer players should wear tighter shorts to increase the game’s popularity Overweight:  Overweight stereotype:  Lazy, lack of self-control, unattractive, slow  Stigma is experienced differently  Seen as controllable, you choose to be overweight.   Outcomes  Held accountable for negative outcomes, it is their own fault.  More openly derogated than some other prejudice. Evident even in explicit measures.  Prejudiced against own group, feel the same towards other overweight people too.  In- group negativism. Blaming themselves and others for this negative stigma.  Well-being of the Overweight:  Quinn and Crocker (1999) Experiment 1  Correlation  Role of Protestant Ethnic (PE): IF you are not perceived as hardworking, you do not deserve any awards. If you did not get any awards, it is because you are not working hard enough  Experiment 1: Correlational study  Independent variables: Protestant Ethnic, weight status (normal, somewhat over-weight, very overweight).  Dependent variable: well-being  Results:  For women of normal weight, then the higher they believe in the PE the higher their psychological wellbeing  For somewhat overweight women there is no correlation  For very overweight women, the more they believe that they need to work hard to get awards (PE), the worse they feel.  They feel that they are not working hard enough to maintain a more desirable weight.  Experiment 2:  Primed PE or inclusion  Mood effects of media messages  Read paragraph that primed PE or inclusion (everyone is equal)  Read another article that discussed negative social effects of being overweight  Independent variables  Prime condition, weight status (normal, overweight)  Dependent variables  Well-being (post-pre), appearance SE (post-only)  Results:  General self-esteem: PE prime – Overweight have less psychological well-being. Inclusion – Overweight have better psychological well-being even after the article of the negative associations with overweight. The women might feel better that they are included.  Appearance self-esteem: inclusion – decrease gap between appearance self-esteem between normal and overweight women. PE – overweight women feels worse than normal weight women.  IF you believe in PE and think that it is controllable, then the women would feel worse about their weight.  Obesity in Canada: Increasing amount of overweight people recently. Could it be that if there are enough overweight people, could they be accepted too? Antigay Prejudice:  Forms of discrimination  Legal rights, hate crimes  Heterosexism  Current attitudes  Sex differences: women tend to have more positive attitudes towards gay than men.  There are more acceptances towards gay women than gay men. Pornographic lesbian material appeals more to straight men.  Characteristics of high prejudiced: more traditional people, people who believe that homosexism is a choice instead of biology, people who have more racial prejudice. Less contact with the gay community and less gay friends. Conservatives.  2008 US election for gay marriage bans: Increase in gay-marriage bans.  30 states is US passed bans on same-sex marriage  Arkansas banned unmarri
More Less

Related notes for PSY322H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit