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PSY323H1 (28)

Lecture 3

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Alison Luby

Lecture 3: Development of Gender Relations Sex Typing and Gender Composition of Childrens Groups Early research: based on socialization from parents but weak and inconsistent connections were found Recent research: focuses on social groupings (formation, interaction and socialization that lead to sex typing) Growing apart and later coming together (almost two separate cultures in childhood!) By age o Infants: dont show same-sex play preferences YET o By 2 years old: preferences start o From about 3 years onward: choose same-sex playmates (even if grouped as mixed-sex play by adults, they actively engage in segregation) o Until puberty: spend majority of their free play with exclusively with members of their own sex Pairing with the opposite sex is rare; playing with a group of other-sex children are even rarer (exception: tomboys) If engaged in mixed-sex play, do it privately This same-sex preference = across cultures Gender differences o Boys Play together in larger clusters; more involved in organized group games Larger groups = more conflicts and competitions Know less about their friends lives and base their friendship on shared activities Interconnected friendship = if hes your friend, he can be my friend too! = functioning as a unit & clear group identity o Girls Split into dyads or triads (small groups are nested within larger social structures) Small
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