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PSY333 Lec1

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Sayyed Mohsen Fatemi

PSY333- Health Psychology- Lec1 9/26/12 2:07 PM • PSY333- Health Psychology • 10-15% Class participation • 25-35% Midterm- multiple choice, essays • 40-45% Final paper • 10-15% Peer group presentation • Quizzes? • Read: “Counterclockwise”- Langer? àWhat is Health Psychology? • Psychological consequences associated with ill health have long been noted • 1970: psychological principles applied to understand and improve health and health care- Emerging fields of behavioral medicine & health psychology • People think of health as the absence of symptoms, but health is actually when you have physical, psychological and spiritual wellbeing • àPsychological approach of Health Psychology • You could be fine physically, but you could have mental problems • Freud was one of the first to realize this • We have somatoform- ex. Someone is blind-- neurologically & physiologically they’re fine. (A form that doesn’t have any clue to the body)-- when the body is fine but the mind is not • Psychological issues can have deleterious impacts on body • Synergy cooperation= when something is wrong with the mind, the body demonstrates it • There is a two-way relationship between body and the mind- theres a synergy between the two • Plato: said the body is embracing the soul-- when people come down body and soul are companions and they forget what happened before • Plato: everyone knows everything-- we just need to help them give birth to everything they know • Cartesian perspective (Descartes): mind and body are connected • The medical model of mindà talks about body issues, but it can’t understand everything about the body and mind • How you process different pieces of information is different in different people-- we translate information differently • Tips for stage fright: • 1. Be aware that your anxiety is just known to you • 2. Look at somebody who looks cheerful • 3. Preparation is key • 4. Begin with what you know • 5. Visualize people enjoying your presentation • 6. Help boost your elf esteem so you have positive ideas of self à 3 types of behavior: • passive, aggressive, assertive (ex. If someone steps on toes on bus) • Passive: don’t say anything • Aggressive: flash knife but don’t say anything • Expressive/ Assertive: could you move please- when you do that, it makes me feel uncomfortable-- > attack the behavior not the person • Just because you’re not saying it doesn’t mean its passive, everyone translates things differently • A lot of people suffer from lack of expressiveness • There’s a high correlation between passive behavior and mental problems and cardiovascular, respiratory problems • Cancer has a lot to do with stress • 60-70% of every visit to an MD is stress related • If you don’t express things and they get pressurized you “explode” àPsychological approach to health psychology • Culture: is a set of dynamic and stable set of rules, behaviors-- your emotional heritageà It all depends on the context • DataàInformationàKnowledgeàJudgmentàWisdom • Lack of expressiveness: Misunderstandingàbecome intensifiedàdon’t understand one another Emotions and Health • Everyone wants to love/ be loved, to control, to feel included • We have emotional heritage: things that happened in our past • If peoples lives are fraught with insecurity because of lack of emotional connection, BUT we can reconsider our emotional heritage • The need for emotional connection is an important connection of health • Health and wholeness have the same etiological root • Control: Study at Harvardàwhen you give people responsibility they feel better, once they have something to do they felt fine about themselves Ex. Gave old man a task, like water these flowers, they felt better • Mindfulness and Health • If you’re mindful, you understand the multiplicity if perspectives, you also become less judgmental, you let people express themselves • When we are mindless, we follow rules without looking at the context • Health psychology has a lot to do with living in the moment • The power of hope on healthà better longevity, better coping styles, more proactive signs of health in themselves • Approaches to dealing with hopelessness (approach shifting): 1) Agree with their perspective 2) Show them the possibilities for what they can be-- show they how many blessings they have compared to others 3) Look for meaning of life • Automatic thoughts are generally negative • 1) You need to pay attention to automatic thoughts • 2) You need to endorse them • Through our mindful thoughts we can influence our choices- our thoughts are our choices à
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