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PSY333H1 (68)


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University of Toronto St. George
Sayyed Mohsen Fatemi

Orthodox Medicine and Wholistic Approaches - medical model: if you have a health problem you have to understand bio/ physiological model - not a successful model b/c we have psychosocial cultural models (impact of social relationships/cultural issues in terms of your health) - anything that happens to you can be assessed physiologically - somataform -> paralyzed (physiologically/neurologically fine) - health/whole from the same word -> the more you lose your wholeness the less healthy become - WHO defʼn of health -> physical/social/psychological well being. Freud, Hysteria, Medically Unexplained Symptoms: Hysteria - after medical model -> psychosocial model, biopsychosocialcultural model - culture/society can have an impact on your health Medically Unexplained Symptoms - the reason we have medical model as ineffective model - CBT: most effective treatment for issues that are not medically explained - process: change the way the person thinks, shift their perspective - stages: primary emotion/reaction, secondary emotion/reaction - primary thoughts can be ratified,rectified/enhanced by secondary thoughts - process to have primary/secondary thoughts to be rectified -> (1) write down all feelings/thoughts (listen to everything you say to yourself)/evaluation (2) challenge thoughts in (1) (3) replace negative thoughts with positive thoughts - those w/ stage fright -> imagine yourself beforehand, adequate preparation, if someone leaves you can say theyʼre missing out on your presentation (ex. of shift of perspective) - - Psychosomatic Medicine and Organic Illness - write down fear (catharsis->liberated from impediments that have an impact on you)/ anxiety/hatred for 50 min a day Preventing Stress - those that can/cannot be prevented *2 types of stressful events - can be prevented: thoughts are responsible for those stressful situations, thoughts can give rise to frustration/exasperation - ask yourself the questions in a face of stressful situations: how do i see the situation? what is it am i telling myself about the situation? how does my language create stress for me? relationship b/w my thoughts & the situation? - if you see anxiety as a choice -> you can see how to change it - if thereʼs no agency/choice -> you canʼt do anything about it - automatic thoughts/choice oriented, proactive thoughts -> how proactive thoughts can help you rectify/change your automatic thoughts - laughing -> higher levels of immunoglobulin - stress -> imbalance in your system - humour - time out from ongoing stress - enhances immune functioning (those w/ high lvls of daily stress who use humour to cope have higher lvls of immunoG A) - Rod Martin/Herbert Lefcourt - 2 college groups: those who scored high/low on measure of sense of humour - found: good sense of humour has better self concepts/self esteem/shrug off setbacks/cope more effectively w/ stressors - found in another study: helped deal w/ depression Cognitive Therapy - two types of functioning from a psychological perspective - rational mind: analysis, logic - experiential: emotions, feelings, affects - easy to change rational mind, and not as easy to change experiential minds - how to change experiential thoughts -> experience new experiences starting from a small scale and gradually enlarging them - Avoiding Three Mʼs - Magnifying (exa
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