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Lecture

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY336H1
Professor
Dan Dolderman
Semester
Fall

Description
Quotes: -Pink Floyd:And you run and you run to catch up with the sun, but it’s sinking Racing around to come up behind you again… -Thoreau: I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life. -on spectrum: have to do/coping[1----2---3---4---5]enthusiasm/goals -class mean more on the –ve side i.e. 2-3 -class exercise write: 1)down goals you feel you really want to accomplish in next 6m 2)things you want to fix: think things through more…, less anxious -soln -research on wish fulfillment by Gabriel smthg: -we have this sense of ongoing –ve stuff but always think it will clear up and get better= coping mechanism (positive realization feels great) -but often bc it feels so good it demotivates ppl, positive realization= escapist unless it is accompanied by what Gabriel calls mental contrasting i.e. reality checking -ex take +ve realization and you contrast this against your current life, Gabriel argues that this provides the motivational kick to get you going -therefore she’s describing a balance btwn the two directions, if go too far either way don’t harness motivation -note +ve realization >despair -today going to map out some of the big tools you can use -Prof doesn’t think big barrier is a fundamental lack of E but rather an unskillful use of that E – i.e. most ppl not raised in environs where ppl used their E skillfully, not a lot of self-actualized optimally living ppl out there -just like you have to help kids to learn soccer, etc; ppl don’t have perfect skill sfor optimal living -we recognize that the future wont change dramatically and that we aren’t doing as well as we could (i.e. when we come up with goals) -if you think of goals as way of focusing E like a lens= very helpful this bc what goals do is they capture our attention i.e. they change the kind of weight we put on diff pieces of info -ex info that is more relev to info pops out of landscape} therefore goals focus our information processing network->capture attention tmrw which is like our energy -note if you have your attention is in too many spots then your attention isn’t a very effective force ex think physics you have to align your forces so that the net force is in same direction otherwise could cancel each other out and get no net movement -even in the present moment you have to pay attention to multiple things, but if that goes too far though you get no where (recallAristotle too much of one thing isn’t good) -if you have all these diff possibilities and goals that should do, how many should you focus on? How many…etc}everything is taking attention -you end up always trying to find this balance where you have all this stuff going on and all these opportunities }->and so we end up with this fine precision balancing act -also the whole challenge of developing a new habit it generally starts with thinking/goal setting/being in a deliberate mind set and then there’s a big jump btwn that and an implemental mindset that req.s a lot of E -additionally we have internal limitations and adds up to big mess and your E goes off in too many directions -it becomes very imp how to wisely expend our E otherwise won’t get very good at accomplishing goals -Eric Fromm wrote the “Art of Being”: trying to understand optimal living - he goes through 5 conditions to engage in eudemonic life: 1)”to will one thing”= in order to achieve true excel in one thing you have to be all there} but the problem is that this doesn’t map onto life very well -therefore poring E into one goal will maximize achieving it BUT there’s the inevitable tradeoff, bc not very realistic for life -how do you resolve this tradeoff? -prioritize? But with any moment in time there’s a lot to decide, therefore typically ppl only do it in a vague general way ex ppl often do it in mind which allows for too much bending=>ineffective -based on this^ most of literature finds that writing stuff down works best, it gives the goal more weight -writing stuff down makes things tangible -side note talking about it with ppl also helps a little -another benefit of writing stuff down provides a larger context for why you’re doing something - Alot of the stuff we do is coming from extrinsic motivating things - having a goal in mind provides a meaning paradigm Sources where can come from: -a strategy that increases E/motivation is imposing a self-disciplined cost system ex have to pay friend $20 if don’t finish task} this can work well} i.e. E is coming from punishment -ex fb posts= rewarding Self-determination theory things: -Motivational continuum from: “extrinsic [--- [(interjected motive)----[identified cat of motive)-- [(here have integrated motive)---] intrinsic”}=axis of autonomy i.e. extrinsic means E is coming from non-autonomous places ex costs, benefits, authority -vs. far opposite end of continuum= intrinsic which is self-fulfilling, pure joy of things -integrated motivation= big/deep self-framework, right beside intrinsic, i.e. do something BC you feel it’s the right thing to doory -identified category of motivation: it’s more about harmony or short and long term goal compatibility -identity and integrity caters provide larger meaning to things i.e. put it into perspective -in the middle you have interjected motivation: extrinsic and intrinsic mix ex motive from other ppl’s approval, things that are self-esteem dependent, competiveness. -note guilt and shame would probably go under interjected -goal and why class exercise: highlights that
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