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Dan Dolderman

PSY336 24 Positive emotions 1) Fredrickson, B.L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The Broaden-and-Build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist, 56(3), 218- 226. 2) Ryan, R. M., Huta, V., & Deci, E. L. (2008). Living well: A self-determination theory perspective on eudaimonia. Journal of Happiness Studies, 9, 139-170.  Rec in A4,5,6  Paul Ekman -human muscles that activate to make up facial expressions -to read a face -> the emotions behind it -secret service agents, border… -micro expressions go a long way -when someone is trying to present themselves in a particular way they can control many things -pretty easy to control to gross expressions but it is very hard to control to micro expressions -training program >to get attuned to the micro expressions of people >can get extremely close to reading people’s minds -our society functions on hiding things from each other  Popular culture -you suck and here are some easy ways to get better  Paul Ekman -the way emotion systems evolved was very negative -you can have a change in emotion within a quarter of a second -emotions can be triggered automatically -they have a physiological signature/signal -survival of the fittest >fight or flight response >fight or freeze response >negative >all about killing the bad guys who want to steal your resources or running away >danger, emergency, strength -why do zebras have stripes? >they don’t blend in with the landscapes very well >not camouflage >make sense only at a collective level >how evolution functions -as people we don’t survive individually, but collectively -evolution does not work only on an individual level but also as a group -evolution is not about who is the strongest individual in terms of strength but also our ability to function well in groups -the tend and befriend response >the turning towards people in times of stress response -Emotions >fast, reactive >decrease in meta-attentiveness >harness body action -emotion -> S.A.T (specific action tendency) -when you are angry, blood flows to your hands -when you are scared, blood flows to your legs -physiological arousal (e.g. anger)  Dalai lama, Buddhism -the mind and life institute -destructive emotions (yellow book) -conversation between the dalai lama and Paul Ekman -clinical psychology >challenge: to widen the gap between impulse and action >the more you can help people to widen the gap, the more you can
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