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PSY341 Lecture 1 Notes.docx

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Hywel Morgan

PSY341 Lecture 1 - July 3, 2013 The History of Child Psychology The History of Childhood ● relatively new (~50-60ish years) ● father of psychology -> Sigmund Freud ● dawn of psychology in adults ○ adult psychopathologies as unresolved childhood conflicts ● concept of “childhood” also relatively new ○ “changeable, dependent” beings -> hasn’t always been seen this way!! ● DSM-IV -> 10 different types of disorders in childhood/adolescent ● DSM (I) -> 2 disorders that you can clearly diagnose in childhood ○ childhood psychosis, schizophrenia? autistic spectrum? ● In order to become a psychologist, need either PHD or doctor in psychology PsyD ● Psychiatrists -> MD (medical school) ○ they can prescribe drugs (restricted to them to give) ○ major differences in the training and the privileges (Canada) ○ in USA, they can admit patients into hospital ● Farther back lower level of care ○ e.g. infanticide, child slavery, child assault ○ e.g. 15th century Medieval dark ages ■ “why put effort on something that won’t stick around very long” (high mortality rates) ○ 16th-17th century Renaissance ■ see higher care BUT considered as “little adults” ■ put to work early as soon as they can articulate and some even married by 7 years old ■ by 14 years of age, put in apprenticeship of profession ○ 17th century change ■ introduction of games for children (e.g. ring around the rosie, marco polo, hide and seek, hopscotch) ■ starting to regard children as a separate time of life ■ interest in providing an “innocent beginning” for these new beings ■ increase interest in Western culture for raising good Christians ■ Entities interested in raising children were: ● (i) the Church -> religion ● (ii) the State -> fighters, warriors ○ 17th-18th century ■ Family (parents) interested in children to hand down their properties in a more cohesive group (inheritance) ■ 18th century -> Education changes ● from the philosophical principles of John Locke that children born as blank states -> human infants born with empty heads and acquire all their knowledge socially ● as opposed to Shaftesbury (?) who described infants born as “noble savages” -> idea that humans are naturally born good and that society corrupts their innate goodness ● The Last Century (1900s) ○ it’s in the last 100 years or so where children welfare allowed them to enjoy special rights ○ institutes and things raised for the special care and protection for children ■ ALTHOUGH some were harsh and not necessarily plesant (e.g. oliver twist → orphanages created for the protection of children but not very pleasant) ○ 1912 -> laws were enacted to investigate and report matters to protect child welfare ○ 1948 -> court in Canada decide the rights of adults should be applied to children ○ 1960s -> government enacted laws to protect disabled and retarded children ○ 1979* -> UN adopted this as the year of the child ■ (the chartered right, abided by all UN member countries) “to be born healthy, raised healthy...receive appropriate care...etc” The Development of Childhood Psychopathology ● History of Psychopathology is largely adult ○ largely tied to adult behaviour ○ typically diagnosed “abnormal” when it begins to affect other people ○ usually diagnosed in childhood when they are in school ○ spontaneous remission for a lot of the disorders in childhood-toddler/infancy (e.g. eating disorder) ○ Hippoc
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