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Lecture 4

Psy341 jan 29 2013 Lecture 4.docx

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Ross Hetherington

Psy341 jan 29 2013 Lecture 4 General etiological factors II temperament and attachment 1 Theoretical basis taxonomiesTemperament the style or how of behavior rather than the content what or purpose why Biological components of personalityThomas and Chess 1977New York longitudinal studies 19561991 What children can doabilities intelligence leading to temperamentParent and child relationships looking at individual differencesNine dimensions of temperament eg activity level rhythmicity approach or withdrawal adaptability amount we can modify and adapt to an environment threshold of responsiveness intensity of reaction quality of mood distractibility attention span and persistence Temperament constellations1 Easy temperament 402 Difficult temperament 103 Slowtowarnup temperament 13slow adaptability low intensityGoodnessoffit consonance between the child and environmentPoornessoffit dissonance between the child and environmentChild may not have enough space for them to move around eventually they will get out of their seats low SES children may have difficulties in having the space they needStability best for broadly defined categories and better during early childhood Support for biological basis of temperamentMonozygotic twins studiesActometer studies of activityBoth genetic and nongenetic factors at playevents Buss and plomins criteria approachDefined traists as temperament if they met criteriaComparative psychology approach fearfulness aggressiveness affiliativeness and impulsiveness shared with primates Traits show early in lifePredictive of later developmentTheory holds that four traits meet criteria1 Emotionality2 Activity3Goldsmith and Campos variability in developmening emotional systemsTemperament early development in tendencies to experience and express emotions including their regulartory aspectsEmotions laboratory assessment battery and questionnairesLooking at facial expressions and emotions
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