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LEC 3 - Insight Sept 24 2009

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University of Toronto St. George
John Vervaeke

PSY370: Thinking & Reasoning LEC 3 - Sept, 24th, 2009 Review from Last Lecture search spaces are combinatorially explosive how do we do it? problem formulation is going to be key GPS was proposed and failed for 2 flawed assumptions 1. all problems are the same 2. formulating a problem is a smaller job than solving the job is insight just another search inference process or a different one? we can distinguish algorithm and heuristic most of our problem solving are heuristic based Gestalt Tradition thinking is like perception there is an organizational structure that is somehow greater than the sum of the parts perception and thinking work in ways of this structure the gestaltstructure is changing in the Necker cube ex. in opposition to Thorndikes law of effect Thorndike try to empirically test animal intelligence understand intelligence as the ability to solve problems Thorndikes puzzle box cat inside a box and the cat can see smell the food outside the box mechanism within the box can release the cat measure how long it takes for the cat to get out vs. number of trials eventually the cat learns how to get out faster,
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