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PSY370 LEC 05.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
John Vervaeke

LEC 05 October 10th PSY370KaplanSimon also talk about memory indexing information is store in memory in an organized manner WeisbergAlba had the same notion compartmentalizationWith this in mind lets look at the phenomena of incubationif people leave the problem alone and go away and they will get the insight they need when they focus on something else Sheldon CooperThe assumption the unconscious is doing important work on the problem Its related to memory indexing because of the issue of transferwhen encountering a problem we store it in memory in a way that it will aptly transfer to new problems we encounterMore current term predictive encodingencode information in a way that will predicttransfer well to future anticipatory aspect to memory storageIncubation adds an extra dimension at the folk psychology level there is the assumption that the unconscious is playing a part in this predictive encoding that facilitates the transfer of informationSeiford et althe prepared mind perspective vs alternatives 1 Business as usual perspective insight is unimportant or inexistent KaplanSimon WeisbergAlba 2 Wizard Merlin perspective confluence of Romantic tradition and gestalt tradition within insight problem solving insight occurs and its results are awesomely spectacular results are produced by superhuman and strange powers that are unpredictable the Romantic tradition also claims that insight is beyond scientific study gestaltists dont agreeLooked at Feynman genius who would do a bit of theatre and reach insightthough recently we discovered lots of notes where it indicated that he didnt solve the problem in a spontaneous manner like Seiford thoughtPrepared mind relates to incubationthings pass out of consciousness Incubation go back to the 1926 Walliss book The Art of Thoughtthere are 4 phases in problem solving1 Mental preparation confronting a problem creating representation formulation of problemunsuccessful attempts to solve the problem 2 Incubation putting the problem aside and working on other things havent disconnected completely from the problem 3 Illumination flash of insight unexpectedly during incubation phase4 Verification working out the details of solution or determining if the solution works People used to look into the link between 23 but then people questioned the existence of incubation and looked at the connection between 12Seiford et al Why does transfer often fail Because people fail to retrieve the solution or people use past information wrongly Thus mental preparation must take place in such a way that addresses the problem of transfer and seek to remedy the problemThey understand transfer failure as fixationDuring incubation there are 4 main hypotheses about what is going on the first one is really trying to dissolve accounts of incubation 1 Conscious work hypothesis people are lying they are not really incubating 1
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