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PSY426H1 (15)

Baumiester notes.odt

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Jason Plaks

Baumeister, et al (part 2) Ego depeletion • the notion that volition depends on the self's expenditure of some limited resources • theory – the self has limited resourses for actis of voliton ◦ active choice (as opposed to passive ◦ controlled (opposed to automatic ◦ initiation of beh vs. (not Experiment 1 • ego depletion and self control – self control took effort i.e resisting temptation • results ◦ those who showd self control (by not eating the chocolate) and instead eating the radishes persisted less on the puzzles therefore supports hypotheses Experiment 2 • acts of choice take up the same limited resoucese as acts of self control • those in high choice condtion persisted less on diffictu tst – in both the high choice pro attiduinal beh and anti attitudinal Experiment 3 – experiment 3 takes aleternative view – the suggestion here is that it is adaptive to up early on unsolvable problems b/c it would be a waste of time and energy otherwise – for this study to argue that ego depletion has a negative effect, it was neccesary to show some decline in tast performance – this study was designed to show that ego depletion can impair performance on solvable tasks – because ego deplection controlling emtions this study some particitpatnts were asked to watch an emotionally evocative video and stifle any emotional reaction they might have procedure – participants were placed into one of 2 conditions 1. suppress emotion conditon – participants were instructed to not show or feel any emotions when watching the movie and were told they'd be videotaped 2. no regulation condition – participant were instructed to let their emotions show while watching the movie , also told they'd be videotaped – half of the participants in each condition saw a funny video, the other half in each condition saw a sad video – after the video asked to help the instructer collect prelimanry data for future reaseah by completing an anagram task where they had to unscramble 13 sets of letters Results manipulation check – a final questionare was given were participant were asked to rate how effortful it was to comply with the instructed - participants in the suppress emotion condition said it was more effortful as well as to do so than participants in the no reg conditions - this supports the contention that more energy is required to supporess emotion than to let emotion flow anagram performance – the main dependent variable was performance on the anagram task – participants in the suppress emotion conditon performed much worse than the no regulation condtion in the number of anagrams solved - the type of movie watch had no effect on this Mood – there was no difference in mood valiene or arousal between particpants in the two groups - therefore any differences in performance between these condtions should not then be attributed to differential mood
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