RELIGION LECTURE 2 SEP 17: Presuppositions (Commonality) of western
“Religion is the general theory of this world. Its encyclopedic compendium, its logic
in popular form, its spiritual point d’honneur, its enthusiasm its moral sanction, its
solemn complement and its universal basic of consolation and justification. It is the
fantastic realization of the human essence since the human essence has not
acquired any true reality.” – Karl Marx
- We are going through western traditions, Indic traditions and Chinese realm
of traditions. We will start with western traditions (Judaism, Christianity and
- All 3 religions come from the Middle east
- All have origin in biblical Judaism and Hebrew bible.
- All share central Myths (creation, god, angels, heaven)
- Believe god as being transcendent (you cant see him or touch him yet he is
active in history)
- He is a jealous god (demands only him you can worship, cant tolerate other
- Relationship with god with humanity through prophecy. He picks an individual
and tells him the messages.
- They all have holy books or scriptures.
- These religions have orthodoxy.
- They grew out keenly aware of each other. They came into being truly aware
- They all believe that there is an after life.
- They believe in the same ethics
- Time is linear. Eg, first god created world, then adam, etc. Lecture 2: Judaism
What is Judaism?
Judaism is a historical religious tradition. It is a religion of ethical
monotheism. It has its origin in Abraham who was chosen by god to start a
nation and a religious tradition. There was a covenant (berit). To create a
covenantal bond between god and people of Israel.
- 3 characteristics to be Jews: God is unique and God manifested himself in
Mount Sinai to Moses. Go