November 1 , 2012
- Change and conflict within European society
- 1500-1700 (Early/modern period) – The time of the great
- 1500’s – the protestant reformation produced new forms of
Christianity in Europe – They were different but they were in
opposition to Catholicism and the Roman Church.
- They established different theologies, ritual systems, and constructs.
- The protestants didn’t make up a concern for reform on their own
- People were working on reform centuries before.
- Abuses of power – and lack of education for parish priests.
- Criticism was directed at worldliness – some popes were deeply
involved in secular politics. Some put their monetary desire ahead
of their faith.
- 16thC – Protestantism – restoring Christianity to what they said
was their apostolic (true)/biblical form – clearing away theological
mistakes and corruptions from the Catholic Church – rejected the
structure or the Church and the Pope.
- When a King/Ruler converted the people of his town had to convert
or leave or go into hiding.
- Didn’t effect Russia, Africa and didn’t occur in Italy and Spain
- Protestant Reformation effected the British Isles, North-Western
Europe, and the Scandinavian countries.
- Europe was emerging from severe crises (1300-1500)
- 1300’s – Renaissance
- Sizes of existing cities are increasing – increase in the building of
- There was a period of bad weather – which meant failed harvest –
long-term shortages of food and famines
- Reducing the amount of seeds for the next season
- By 1320 – 10/25% of Europe’s population was dead from starvation.
- Disease – 1347-1351 – The great plague swept across Europe and
the British Isles (1/3-1/2 of Europe’s population dead)
- There was no idea how the disease was transferred
- Hundred Years War – France and England – Fought in Northern
France – 1337 - ~1453
- In areas of mo