- Started at a moment of revolution and renunciation
- Three Indic religions were formed
- Jainism (absolute nonviolence, total complete renunciation)
- Very small religion
- Buddhism like Jainism starts with 1 man.
- Buddha means awakening
- 4 sides (disease, old age, death, renunciant)
- Has a moment of awakening and tells the 4 Noble truths
- Goes back to friends and gives the 1 sermon, the teaching of the
- 4 Noble Truths
- Dukha (Suffering)
- Arising (Craving and ignorance)
- Cessation of suffering
- 3 Sects of Buddhism: Theravada, Mahayana(China&Japan),
- When the Buddha is born he is already awakened and transcendent.
- Zen/Chen Buddhism: A tradition of Buddhism in China. Says intuition is
how awakening is obtained. It is an instantaneous awakening.
- Tibetan Buddhism: read wiki or something
- Buddhism is non-exclusive, you can be Buddhist & another religions
**Upanishads equated the atman with brahma**
Lectures on karma, time theory and Upanishads are all referential to Hinduism.
It is a vast religion. You can believe in no Gods, one God or many Gods and
you would still be a “good Hindu.” Thus when studying Hinduism you need to
study it in a different manner in comparison to other religions.
Hinduism does not have a point of conception. It is the culture of India and
the flux. After the split into 3 (Jains, Buddhists and Hindus) Hinduism didn’t
reject the VEDAS. They reconfigured them in a different way (Upanishads
allowed the Hindus to keep the Vedas but they are the “new version,”)
meaning Hinduism is not a vedic religion but it’s a new religion.
Hinduism accused Jainism and Buddhism that they are impractical and elitist.
Claimed that not everyone can afford to live like the Buddha.
2 passes for salvation (Nivritti an Pravritti) o Renunciation (Nivritti tradition, for the elite.) For those interested in
o Household (Pravritti tradition)Engagement in the world.
o For those who want a household, enage in the world, have kids etc.
o Hinduism is prescribed by its cultural traditions. It is also restrictive.