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SEPTEMBER 10 2012.docx

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University of Toronto St. George

RLG100 NOTES FROM SEPTEMBER 10 2012 LECTURE: Since the beginning of time each culture has had language/religion/music Historians study it through neutrality Effects of history: relevance of history increasing Fundamental to society Shadow of religion All “big” questions used to be answered through religion before discovery of science Religion is seen as something where humans are allowed to experience reality through different means Why? Studied differently through history After the 30 day war where Christians (prostant/catholic) killed each other Why are we killing in the name of God? Move to America and discovered that there was no concept of Christianity If our lord is truly universal why don’t they know? Unsettling as aliens Humans but not common in religion Trust in religion destroyed Not universal What is religion/the universal truth? No religion truth or false: can only study through the history In olden times only important figures had birthday celebrated but now not We are historical beings It is seen in how we describe ourselves Rise of rationalism (the scientific revolution) People became suspicion of religion It was seen as a way to control the people People became quite antireligious and the study of religion was tainted through biased opinions However no it is taken seriously/without judgment How do we study religion? Anthropology: interviews of different civilizations Sociology Comparative Historical (Normative approach) Without judgment Structured and intellectual Practical issue (cults) Theoretical (theological) Institutional (Mullah/Priest) Phenomenology Religion qua religion (religion studied as religion) Gerardus Van Leeuw Think historical approach is too factual Its more description-al (explained through what is observer): senses Phenomenology aspects 1. suspension of preconceived ideas about reference of religion 2. Receiving religion through religion ie. Seen through the eyes of the practitioner 3. Using a comparative approach Ie. Comparing fasting between religions 4. Empathy: leav
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