1. To do philosophy of religion is to think philosophically about topics that are central to
religion: the difference between faith and first-hand knowledge; the existence and nature
of God; the “problem of evil”; the relation of divine commandments to morality.
2. What is it to think philosophically about such topics? Philosophers have no special
laboratory. They just have arguments. Some arguments are good, others are not. Some
prove their point, some do not. Some give rational support to their conclusion, others do
not. An argument can fail in several ways: invalidity, unsoundness, begging the question.
Read the notes on logic.
The need for clear ideas and clear language. Examples: 'universe' 'exist' 'God' 'good'
A note on the meaning of 'God'. Davies says that he takes 'God' to mean 'the God of
Judaism, Islam, and Christianity' (p. 1). What do Jews, Muslims, and Christians mean by
'God'? A preliminary working explanation: A divinity is a creator of everything other
than itself. 'God' is sometimes used as a common noun (word for a kind or sort, like
house, man, bird), as when