Lecture 10 World Religion October 21, 2013
Techniques developed in the next few centuries were done to preserve the
dispersed Jewish community. Rabbinic Judaism: evolved technique of continuity with the
help of the study of scriptures: Torah and Talmud + Piety= engagement with scripture.
Engagement in the study of secondary scriptures.
Continuity: in the home.
Home life is expression of Jewish ritual life from dinners to festivals.
Jews are very influenced by the outside community they live in.
Productivity of Jewish thought depended on the degree of tolerance that Jews
experienced with the outside community influence. Jews engage with outside
Why is this happening to us, how do we deal with these experiences with
rejection and isolation Severe Repression. Particularly, in Europe and with larger
One generalization is that historically, quite early on, Jewish and Christian
relationships were very strain. Christian leaders blamed the Jews for the death of Jesus
Christianity became the dominant religion of Europe the consequences and
repercussions for Jewish minority communities were significant.
In periods of relevant tolerance, there was much for ex. Saadia Ben Joseph 10 th
CE. Famous Jewish philosophers and Maimonides 12 CE. This was a period in history
that represented the dark ages in European history.
In certain pockets in Europe, during the 9 CE: rapid expansion of Islam Muslim
dynasties dominate in Africa and take over many territories of the Roman Empire in
Southern Europe, you caught them in Spain, Portugal, France, etc This is a period during
the golden age period. 3 major conversions of religion: You’ve got Islam, Judaism, and
These 3 divisions actually engaged with one another and learned from one another
and this period was a very liberal time. Re discovering Plato, Aristotle, and translating
these texts and making them in that way, available again, to Europe.
10 CE C.E: The dark ages of Europe and the climate is really dominated by a
religious commitment to the extend that religion is very much around the
New ideas are frowned upon and if they have new ideas; heretic. In the Iberian
Regain, goes to stimulate the revival of intellectual and artistic engagement in Europe.
Stimulated by Roman and Greek classics and rediscovering those: Renaissances. This
allowed artistic ability. This was followed by considerable religious oppression.
The crusades: attempt by European rulers to gain back the holy land from theth
Muslims. There are numerous crusades, the first one starts at the end of the 11 CE, this
is a period of intense religious nationalism in Europe. You’ve got Europe relatively
fragmented. Politically its pretty well fragmented in different states. What happens is,
Christian leaders of Europe throw in their locks with one another to prioritize Christian
territory to reclaim the holy land from the Muslims. This was extremely powerful from
Christian identity when Christianity developed in this coherent way, this had real
repercussions for non Christians. It leaves a lasting tension between Christianity and
Christian armies would march through Europe and cause fires and murder Jewish
communities increasingly deviance is not tolerated. This is where we get the idea of the witchhunt to discipline and render uniform Christian thought negative consequence for
others. Any variation from the standard line is considered to be more relief. It is punished
Pogroms, Gthttos, Persecution Periods of Repression of Jewish life.
In the 15 CE: Europe, fever of Religious nationalism, various countries expel the
Jews entirely. Pockets remain but life under the radar. Protestant Reformation: results in
two major divisions of Christianity Leader/successful man are Martin Luther during the