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January and February Notes

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Sol Goldberg

Reading Sacred Texts 192012 115500 AM January 9 2012 Introduction to the Course Scripturesecond Temple period530 BCE70 CESacred textsambiguous idea Construction of the authority of the texts1 Bible and ideas of CanonCollections of texts considered to be sacredvaried by different groupsnot all collected in the canonapocryphal textsreligious writings from antiquity which are not universally regarded as belonging to authentic canon of scripture Ex Judithmeans things hidden away Canonruler of measuring rodRecognized body of literaturecollection accepted as authoritative by a religious body Didnt exist in ancient contexts Jewish developmentstill being considered Sirach prologue apocryphal text3 parts to the Hebrew textLaw Prophets writingsTorah Neviim ctuvim Tanach Dead Sea Scrollsalmost every text in the Hebrew bible minus book of Esther have been found in the Dead Sea ScrollsThese text were very importantAlso nonbiblical texts were found as well Most popular in numbersbook of Isaiah Deuteronomy and psalms In the ancient context there was no canonnot fixed and universally acknowledged Rather there are collections of scriptures and texts which were set apart and used in different ways in different communities Difference between Bible Collection of sacred texts continuity of the texts Canon collection of religious texts A later development in religion Used to solidify a religion Authoritative collection and Scripture2 interpretation of scriptureRelational qualityhas to be considered as meaningful to a certain group One text can be interpreted in different ways according to the people reading it Interpretation isnt uniformEx Isaiah 403 and The Rule of the Community In the second they do not write Gd and in Mark 124In the first two it talks about the torah and in the third it talks about a person Many levels of interpretationlanguageBack when the popular language was Aramaic they wrote it in HebrewSymbolizing independencenational identitypolitical statementeveryone will speak at the end of time
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