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buddhism terms

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University of Toronto St. George
Arti Dhand

Buddhism termsOrigin of Buddhismthe origin of Buddhism is mainly from the sramana movement which was the period of homeless wandering into the forest and accepting the idea of aestheticismPeoples rejection of Vedic traditions and leaving home to find answers to the quest for enlightenment Buddhism seen as a reactionresponse to the Shramana movementBuddhism is the middle between Hinduism and Jainism They looked up to the 8 fold pathThis religion stretches back 1200 years ago andstarted in India moved to Asia thand then to the western world in the 20 century There are mainly 3 types of Buddhism Theravada South east Asian Buddhism in India Sri Lanka Thailand Northern Buddhism Mongolia Tibet and Eastern Buddhism China Korea JapanEven though their practices are quite diverse along this their doctrines however it is mainly centered around the insights experiences and teachings of its founder SiddharthaSiddhartha Siddhartha is the founder of BuddhismHe was born into the family of Gautama as part of the Sakya clanand later became known as Buddha means one who is spiritually aware awakened Siddhartha was known as the Sakyamuni means the sage of the Sakya clan He comes from an aristocratic family and born into a family that is privileged only child At the time of his birth many sages visits him and concludes that one day he will becomes great spiritual or political leader However his father did not want him to become all so his kept Siddhartha away from rest of the world and gave him all the luxury he ever wanted He was later got married to a beautiful princess at the age of 16 Later he wanted to see the world and learned 3 things which was everyone ages everyone gets sick and everyone dies This worries him a lot by thinking how one can live a life not know whats ahead of them Later his wife gives birth of his son then he decides that he can not live there anymore and need to see a srmanayarn a man that has renounced the world and decides thats what he wants to do However his father says no and locks him up but he miraculously escapes and renounces his life wife and son At first he goes from sage to sage but he isnt satisfied with the answersand then practices aestheticism and starves himself which he realized wont accomplish anythingThen he remembers when he used to sit at a tree when he was a child for quiet and peace then he finds that tree and decides to sit there until he gets some answers He sat there all night and during each phase at night his understanding grew and by the morning he had all the answers He is awakened and becomes budda from there and the tree becomes very special and known as the tree of awakening bhudi tree He sits there for 40 days absorbing the experiences then he shares with his followers and then on Buddhism spreads fast and he spreads his teachingsIn the end he did achieve mookti or freedom Content of Buddhas teaching All things in the universe are understood by Buddhists to be characterised by these three marks of existenceAnitya means Impermanence the first of the three marks of Buddhas teaching of existence which characterize all conditioned phenomena According to the impermanence doctrine human life embodies this flux in the aging process the cycle of birth and rebirth samsara and in any experience of loss This is applicable to all beings and their environs including devas mortal gods The Buddha taught that because conditioned phenomena are impermanent attachment to them becomes the cause for future suffering dukkha Anitya impermanence underlies all Buddhist thought and practice and is the foundation of Buddhist understanding of reality Duhkha it is one of the tree marks of buddahs teachings of existence The word usually is translated into English as suffering But it also means temporary limited and imperfect In the Buddhist sense it refers to anything that is conditioned Something that is conditioned is not absolute or independent of other things Anything beautiful or pleasant that only for temporary is dukkha because it is not constant and nothing is constant in this world therefore any change leads to stress and distress It is important is Buddhism because Anything formed of the Five Skandhas is dukkha When the Buddha said that life is dukkha he didnt mean that life contains dukkha He meant exactly that life is dukkha Life is conditioned Life is temporary and imperfect
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