Class Notes (839,284)
Canada (511,244)
Religion (798)
RLG100Y1 (486)
Arti Dhand (157)
Lecture 20

Islam terms from text and lecture 2011-2012

17 Pages
125 Views

Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Arti Dhand

This preview shows pages 1,2,3,4. Sign up to view the full 17 pages of the document.
Description
ISLAM y Most populist country of Muslims is Indonesia Pakistan India Bangladesh Turkey Iran Egypt Nigeria and China TOP TEN COUNTRIES y Diverse tradition y Muslims come from many cultures y Many geographical regions y Very few generalizations about Muslim practice that would describe the whole y Islamsubmission and surrender o Refers to total submission which Muslims commit fully to God o Act to the Hebrew patriarch Abraham o He is the ideal Muslim o Orders him sacrifice his son and is willing to fully do itfully submits y Last of the 3 monotheistic and last of the Abrahamic traditions y Sees as a continuationexpansion of Christianity and Judaism y Roots from Abraham y Arab linage through Abrahams son Ishmael maid Hagars son y Because of conflict between Sara and Hagar forced to go away to Arab peninsula y Larger history for Islamcontinuation from Judaism y Islam is considered a Western tradition because Islam sees itself as part of the Abrahamic traditions of the Hebrew Bible and traces the linage all the way back to that point y 2000 prophets and is a prophetic tradition y 5 prophetsNoah Abraham Moses Jesus and Muhammad o Received revelation from God o Moses is important to Moses and takes up most in the BibleSimilar to Muhammadorphan received message from G y Recognizes the special mandate of Jesus o The Quran forms what most of Christian holds to be true o Affirms virgin birth and death and resurrection of Jesus many miracles as well o DENIES the Jesus is any way related to God biologically Not the Son of the God just gifted o Muslim understands Jesus as welcoming and helping the disposition of the poor and disregarded y Muhammad o Born in Mecca o The Quran is the Muslim sacred book that tells us about Muhammads sermons and revelations thats the most of what we know about him o The hadithsrecollections remembrance of him by his early followerso Last of the long line of prophets o Final prophet o Sent to Arabian Peninsula o To reenergize the faith o Seals the faith o Final direct words of God o Central figure of Islam o Extremely important o Revelation he brings to the world o The life of exampleSunnahthe model of the ideal life o Muslims model the way they should live the way Muhammad has y HISTORIAL HISTORY o Arose in the Arab Peninsula o Younger than the other traditions o Characterized by a variety of practices of the uncultured and ignoranceJahiliya o Ignorant in the sense of moral practice o A futile society o Aligned along clan loyalty o To see all of humanity as your community was the view they wanted to have inside of clan affiliationo They broke these tries early on o Extend the mandate of moral humanity to encompass all the people in the community o PreIslamic community that aligned itself with tribal unity o It venerated a large number of deities o Any belief system that offered any larger vision of life than what one experiencedo People live and by their faith o Goal of lifemaintain tribal honour o Deeply obliged to fight for ones honour o The development of Islam breaks this down o It develops to the will of God o Starts in Mecca o The religions of the Arabian Peninsula were Judaism Christianity Zoroastrianism and traditional local religious practices o The supreme god Allah was an object of faith but of worship o Allahcreator and sustainer of life but remote from everyday concerns and thus not the object of cult or ritual o When Muhammad was born Mecca was already a center of religious pilgrimage o Located in Mecca was a black meteorite that had fallen to earth long before Muhammads time It was venerated because it was believed to have been sent out from heaven A squarish shrine had been constructed to contain it called theKabah o By Muhammads time yearly pilgrimages to Mecca were already common o Pilgrimage root o Structured around the Kabah o Place for merchants to gather and for others to come and pray
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1,2,3,4 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit