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University of Toronto St. George
Andre Maintenay

Last class: Major Schism in Medieval Christianity: the split for Eastern and Western Church. The traditions of Monastic orders were well entrenched, the major of them: Benedictine th order (4 cent) th Another monastic order Franciscan order(12 cent), founded by Francise from Italy, a son of a merchant. During a period of illness at his 20s he experiences a call from God,that tell him to repair the Church. He first does renovations to churches, later he realizes that he needs to repair the Church spiritually and becomes a monk. There became a concern that the Church becomes too much involved in world affairs, too much associated with the elite of society, too wealthy, too powerful, rather than representing the poor of the society. Therefore movements, like the monastic orders, seek to restore the Church to its earliest tradition, to its earliest form of being simple, ordinary, like the ideals of Jesus. Major element in monastic orders - the vow of poverty . Therefore, monks who joined the monastic orders undertook the vow of poverty and promised to live simply, to invest on social and community work and to be self-sufficient in cultivating their own food supplies, that how they represented the poor. The more they tried to live according Jesus ideals the more they attracted ordinary people. Consequently, monastic orders gain followers, over the course of time they receive vast donations, land and other resources. They become to control tremendous resources of wealth. Paradox: on one hand monasteries tried to live according some ideals and attracted followers, on the other hand because of the tremendous wealth they started to lose those ideals of simplicity, humble service to community. As result of their wealth - monasteries have big libraries, develop tradition of studies, scholars origins of university.
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