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RLG337 Nov 8th lecture.docx

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Laury Silvers

- Look at subtopics in Russell and Kors and Peters - Look at timeline - Review history timeline, have outline for detailed historical outline - Numbers and statistics and gender, class and age - Period of witchcraze 1500-1700 - Called this period of time because in this time period highest numbers of trials and accusations, highest fear of diabolical witchcraft - Stereotypes we have of victims come from witchcraze period - Women outside of social norms, old uneducated women, isolated women, needy women highly accused - Historical stereotypes of people accused - Promiscuous women: Malleus - 1430’s perception that increasing numbers of people are becoming involved with demons - Late 15 century (Malleus) saw for first time association between women and diabolical witchcraft “why are more women involved/attracted to superstition? (review Malleus) - Six reasons why more women involved in witchcraft (document last week) - Russell- certain type of man thought to be involved in diabolical activities (male church guys) - Something happened between 1400-1500 that changed stereotype of accused from male cleric to women - Highest in 1660, after 1660 things start to calm down with exception of Salem Witch trails which occur in 1692 - Scholarly agreement on two things - 1) agree it is in the mid 1400’s that all preexisting ideas of classical myth of diabolical witch have come together - 2)noticeable rise of witchcraft trails (diabolical heresy involving pact of devil) - Diabolical witchcraft defined as crime by early 15 ce - handout - 1430-1444 trails increase in number instead of typical decline - Amount of trials never sinks below 10-15 mark - 1300-1330 average one trail a year (France) 2/3 of trials involve prominent leaders, sorcery most common charge - Not a lot of demons - 1330-1375 - No more political trials of high ranking rulers - Common folk now make up accusers, sorcery most common charge - 1375-1435 - Two changes occur - Number of trails increase, sorcery remains dominant but demon charges (invoking demons increase) - First three periods concerned with sorcery/harmful magic - 1445-1500 now see sharp sustained and increase number of trails - Diabolism increasing , anxiety increasing - Russell tells us that most intense period of witchcraze occurred between 1560 and 1660 - In this period 1560-1660, approx. 110 000 people tried and accused of witchcraft, 40000-60000 people executed for witchcraft - 50000-70000 people not executed,40000-60000 were - What happened to people not executed? - Were the charges dismissed? Was there a conviction with other punishment? Unsure exactly - In popular media, it is very typical to see mass amounts of people executed - General statistics concerning gender: for every one
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