Class Notes (806,783)
Canada (492,447)
Religion (787)
RLG200H1 (46)
Ben Wood (7)

Lecture 5

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Ben Wood

October 11 , 2012 **Reading Response #2 has to have a thesis** Religion, Ideology, and Power: Some Early Approaches  To recap: religion arises in groups and religion has a group function  Today: religion arises in power relations, and religion serves a function in power relations Recap of Durkheim  Wrote elementary forms of religious life  It was a case study of Australian Aboriginals  Their religious practices were representative of the most primitive forms of religion  His argument is that - Religion is in fact a product of society - Religion is NOT divinely inspired/created - Religion provides a meaning of life - Religion provides a source of solidarity for the individuals within a society - Religion reinforces the morals/social norms held collectively within a society Sacred and Profane  His argument that belief in supernatural is not a necessary or common element in religions  “Sacred and Profane” – they both define each other  The sacred is a category of things set apart as exceptional and worthy of reverence  The profane is a category consisting of the common things of everyday life The Sacred  Non-utilitarian (i.e. beyond the everyday)  Not based on the empirical; beyond empirical; not based on knowledge gleaned from the physical senses  Exerts moral obligations and ethical imperatives  Evokes an attitude of awe or reverence  Distinguished from the profane/prohibited from contact with the profane  Gives individuals strength, which exalts individuals above themselves The Profane - Anything secular - Anything to do with routine experience - The everyday world of work and domestic duties - Utilitarian activities, behaviours, object, laws, etc. - Includes the blasphemous (anti-sacred, or anti-secular) Sacred Examples  Certain - Living creatures - Places (churches, temples, pilgrimage sites, or routes) - Days - Persons - State of mind - Historical events - Rituals - Activities - Objects (sacred documents, books, ritual implements) Japanese Video: Totemism  a type of societal organization was incorrectly considered to be the most rudimentary type of religious group  Durkheim posited totemism was the simplest form of religion Sacredness and Totemism  images, animals, and clan members are all sacred  their sacred character is derived from some common principle shared by all  how are the totemic beings and totemic emblems considered to be sacred Ritual  ritual events generate a heightened emotional state, a kind of delirium or collective effervescence  the function of rituals are to strengthen and solidify the groups’ ideas about what is sacred – i.e. the collection of beliefs that itself constitutes religion and the identity of the entire group ( which is held together by these beliefs) Religion and Power  According to Durkheim, religion in essence
More Less

Related notes for RLG200H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.