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RLG203Y1 (14)

Nov 29

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Pamela Klassen

Martin Luther, 1483-1546 - sola scriptura - “unless I am convinced by the testimony of scripture or by clear reason, for I do not trust either in the pope or in councils alone, since it is well known that they have often erred and contradicted themselves, i am bound by the scriptures I have quoted and my conscience is captive to the word of God. I cannot and will not retract anything for it is neither safe nor right to go against conscience. I cannot do otherwise, here I stand, may God help me, Amen” - Sola fide: through faith alone comes salvation - Grace is given freely by God to human beings, and believing in that faith will save you. - The Reformation: A Religious Movement made by lists - Luther’s 95 Theses, Wittenberg, 1517 - printed - in latin - nails theses on the door of the church - its what you did if you wanted to have something debated - bishop lived and it was a castle church - where he nailed the theses Some of Luther’s Theses - 27. There is no divine authority for preaching that the soul flies out of the purgatory im- mediately the money clinks in the bottom of the chest - 45. Christians should be taught that he who sees a needy person, but passes him by although he gives money for indulgences, gains no benefit from the pope’s pardon, but only incurs the wrath of God. - 50. Christians should be taught that, if the pope knew the exactions of the indulgence- preachers, he would rather the church of St. Peter were reduced to ashes than be built with the skin, flesh, and bones of the sheep - luther develops a really hostile feeling to the law - paralleling of judaism and catholicism - problem with faith alone is “how do we know who’s saved and not sasved?” - John Calvin’s Answer to the problem of sola fide- calvin’s dad wanted him to be a lawyer but he had strong theological leanings - If “works” did not save, what incentives existed for Christians to do good in the world? - Predestination: God chose an “elect” to be saved, and their success in life would be in- dication of their salvation. - predestination is a Calvinist doctrine - council of trent opposed this notion - why are prodistants better capitalists? - for prodistants: certitude and experience of faith was more important than rationality of belief in God Martin and Katharina von Bora, portraits by Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1525-6 still have to be anglican to be king or queen Reformations
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