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Lecture 10

Lecture 10

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University of Toronto St. George
Joseph Bryant

Lecture 10 Notes 1. Importance of religiousity determined systems of life-regulation for economics 2. Basic orientation o Humans seek supernatural support and aid to prosper and have a long earth life • EX = health, wealth, status, power, etc. (earth-bound things) 3. Mass religiosity- is beliefs in: o (a) magical assistance, and ritual or sacramental grace/environment o (b) faith in the redeeming power of a savior god, saintly beings or priesthoods • = external sacredness 4. Trägger o Creators in religion and carriers in religion 5. Founders of major religion o Charismatics or virtuosi (Moses and the Hebrew prophets Buddha) 6. Founders must find followers and disciples o To attract: • Most offer promises, practices, worldviews that appeal • "program" that will gain support Messenger/ Creator + Message + Audience/Followers = a new religious movement 7. Followers are socially stratified Tension between TRADITION and CHARISMA by Weber 8. Humans prefer order, stability more than innovation 9. Religion is the most conservative of social institutions o Change eventually will undermine the sacred religious truths o They address the ultimate questions of value, meaning, and purpose 10.To successfully launch a new tradition, a major reform: o Charisma - extraordinary traits of character, personality/force that ruptures of challenges tradition 11.Religious charismatics call people to a higher more intense religiousity ("spiritual awakening") o Is unstable though • EX = leader can fail or pass away 12.Charisma must find instutitional embodiment to bring lasting change Charisma and its Routinization o Kinship/ "blood" o Disciples o Office (organizational hierarchy) o Law, rituals, sacraments, texts 13.Charisma founder/reformer o >> Find disciples • EX = The Kennedy’s in politics o >> The spreading of the word o >> Early converts are those inspired and willing to risk discrimination from old tradition o >> the movement eventually makes its way through the social body, winning favor and finding opposition Conversions 14.Richard Bulliet, "Conversion to Islam in the Medieval Period" o Introduced idea of the S-shaped curve of conversion o The available "convert pool" to any religion is sociologically and psychologically diverse, and the socio-historic
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