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Jan 20, 2011 Life< Death , and disease: - 2 big views on population such as von sonnenfels- argued that a large population is a good thing, more comfort and security such as spain and france, but today places such as china we can see more ppl does not mean more things. - Thomas Malthus-concenrned about the lives of the poor, and said unchecked population growth can be disasterous, like food supply does not grow at the same rate as population which would mean malunutrition and starvation –his point was to prevent this from happening , he did not get spoeken about a lot - Malthus was more right when he said more population outstrips the food supply - Demography- we are stuck with estimations because we don’t have records, in 1801 britain came with census which became a bit more accurate , records of people, not to provide social services but to get money out of them by taxes. Perish registers- to get number of households, such as birth , death and marriages. This works for large population because most of them had to belong to a state church which causes a problem for those that do not belong to the state th th church. Many places in 16 century the state put duties on perish, so in 16 century we had a better sense of population but when war came it destroyed this record. The local perish priests kept these records so how well they were kept depended on the person keeping it. - 1620-1720- population rose enormously but Europe doubled in 16 century th - For first half of 17 th century the very high birth date was with high death rate , -beginning of 17 cent war and plaque caused a lot of destruction - People migrate beause they believe there other places for food and growth - Spain was experiencing decline in global trade - Only England escaped the population decline in 16 century - Germany is not doing so well and suffered the most from the war and immigration - After 1650 its more a rebound-trying to get their population to increase, trade is moving, - Developments after 1650 is more recovering - 1695-99 soctland experienced bad harvest which is shortage of food causing declining in population - Rest of Europe other than England does not escape the trap, they have poor harvest, there is famine and disease and towns suffer the most from disease - Poland and eastern Europe did have problems there was a lot war fought – this land becomes bodies and hard to make crops - Family life- in 18 century periods child got married at 13 and had kids, shakesprear is too blame because juilet married at 13 - Problems with this is that you don’t enter puberty and cant bear children when marrying early and most didn’t mesterate till 17 years old. More than 85% of peasents married and some didn’t, female fertility was 2 years between births, 5 births within family, half of them die , firt 2 years of marriage female fertility was high - Eastern European people married earlier 6 years then western so they had more time to have children - You marry when you can afford to - In northern Europe and central was unique – a nuclear family –children were raised by step parents because men died earlier and women from birth - Eastern Europe- they tend to marry early because they did not carry about independence and produce more children and less concerened about economic activities but western Europe want to have money before the marry. th - Age of marriage- illegitimate children was very low, but some increase in 18 century, and there is strong social control such as churches, guilds, landlord-they can delay marriage - North and central Europe – encourages authority figures to delay marriage - In Europe 10-25v% didn’t marry - In east and south they are getting married younger, but problem was dowery and economic roles, the chur
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