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oct 29.doc

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Walid Saleh

RLG280 Oct 29 − sola scriptura: scripture alone, you undermine authority of the church, priesthood, fundamentalize Christianity, make it religion of the book − find answers to questions of faith, don't go to priest or pope but to bible − the church have no authority over interpretation over bible. Every christian is entitled to their own ideas about the bible. Connected to radical notion of Paul, of freedom and conscious − everything in Christianity has to be based on scripture. If you say something that is not based in scripture, protestant doesn't accept it. Book culture − no place for priests and Pope − up to Luther, Christianity was a priestly religion, cast of people that have powers no one else has. Through them you communicate to God − cannot do anything in Catholic without a priest, need him for forgiveness, prayer, baptism and he is acting through the power given by the Pope − sola fida: faith alone saves you − God elects you − good deeds you do are signs that you have been chosen, not that you are good − good deeds that you do are not a sign that you are good, but that you have been selected by God − new birth, new man created − catholic church is for free will − Protestant believed in predestination, God picks you up, he saves you, you can't do anything about it − Protestant formation (6 points): − sola scriptures − sola fida − priesthood of the believers. Made every Christian into a priest by eliminating every role made by priesthood. Do not need Pope or his representatives. Church made up of its members − this was only possible because now in Europe there was the middle class revolution − Christians can read, they have books, have education. They are not peasants who cannot read or write and must only listen to priest. Mass is in Latin and people could not even understand the priest praying − printing revolution − Luther translated bible into German − each christian household can have a bible and they can read it − every man and women has a dignity in the eyes of God as a priest − ministers are elected by people of community and have the same powers as everyone else − priest in catholic is different, have many powers. If you confess to the priest they have the powers to absorb sins, make wine into the blood of Christ − worship is radically transformed − in catholic, worship is placed on priest. − If we are all priestly, there is an emphasis on each person to worship − worship becomes very communal − sermon − preaching for sermon − Eucharist. Christian worship was centred on Mass, where each christian pretends like it is the last super. The height of worship − preaching of scriptures is the centre − the notions of flesh and blood of Jesus says it is not true − only way to partake in Jesus is through sermon − birth of modern sensibility − educated way of experiencing religion − hymns and singing becomes fundamental − everybody is partaking in worship, whether it is saying it or singing it − utter hatred of icons, statues and pictures − iconclast means you hate icons − they destroy images − no more icons or art in church, but it must have a big stern where preacher goes up and preaches − instead of worshipping god you are worshipping an image − they do not believe in saints − no pilgrimages are need it, relics are nonsense (relics were destroyed) − no funeral mass − catholic mass had become so elaborate that is collapsed on itself − Christians obsession with music was solely in Europe, no other nation did that − middle class sensibility − holly community − you have a new euphoria of being a Christian community − good Christian community − want to live a Christian life internally and externally, with this comes policing of each other − any manifest sin must be punished − rise of respectability in public − Ontario is Protestant − must stand good in front of god. Do not go out in public drunk, fornicate, gable etc − no public manifestations of not good Christianity − we are all holly and must live a holly life as a community − started controlling sex, cannot fornicate before getting married − blasphemy is punished − sense of a standing community under Gods judgement − state itself becomes confessional − new mode of statehood − head of state is invested in reform − forces it on his subjects − Henry XIII in England is a good example − church and monarch become one − all Protestant nations become confessional, monarch is head of state − do not have a monarch who doesn't care, now they want your heart and your soul − Anglican church is still an established church: the church of the state − only a goodAnglican can be a monarch − state that has one religion that is enforced one everyone − catholic church have to answer to the reformation challenge − most English speaking countries are Protestant − responded to reform movement by a counsel, where all bishops met and discussed the matter − change comes through counsels of bishops with Pope as the head − they were not going to be intimidated − Trent counsel (3 major decisions) − 1) reaffirmed doctrines of free will. Human beings receive salvation by good deeds and faith − agenda that took from 1545-1563 − christian is saved by faith and good deeds − salvation was first − asserts that human will is free to accept or reject God's gra
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