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Feb 4- Eastern Religion.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Walid Saleh

Feb 04/13 Buddhism/ Hinduism o Buddhism is against the Vedic tradition and it originated in India  Buddhism went from Indochina to Han china and then to Japan o Mahavira established the central tenets of Jainism  Jainism is radical because non-violence was a central vow o All three religions Jainism, Buddhism, and Hinduism believe in suffering, however, Buddhism goes beyond uncovering the suffering as a central aspect o Both Jainism and Hinduism believe in a soul (atman) o Both Buddhism and Jainism started with a man Buddhism o The Buddha has four sides to him: disease?, death, illness and renunciant o When the Buddha is awakened he comes up with the noble truths and as well comes to teach which is known as the wheel of dharma o Four noble truths: Dhukka, Annita, anatman (no-self), Noble path (has 8 sections) o Five aggregates in Buddhism constitute what a human being is (found in the no-self section). o Cycle of samsara is fed through a continuum existence: dhukka, impermanence and no self o The 4 noble truth has three sections to get out of suffering: wisdom, morality and meditation (only wants us to know 3 out of the 8) o The Buddhist concept asserts that we don’t know ourselves whereas in the western tradition it asserts we don’t know who god is. o 3 major traditions in Buddhism: Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana  Theravada follows the pali canon which branched outwards to Sri Lanka; also called Southern Buddhism  Mahayana looks at Theravada as irrational and sees the Buddha as a quasi-figure that transcends reality. The Buddha is seen as eternal, reincarnated and spiritual. Practiced in China and Japan; also called Eastern Buddhism  Vajrayana is practiced by Tibetans; also called Northern Buddhism  Zen Buddhism arose in China. Zen’s believe that enlightenment will hit you as an instantaneous awakening compared to waiting/achieving enlightenment o Religion physically changes in different geographical settings o Buddhism is nonexclusive ex. You could be Buddhist and Christian (does not exclude you from being anything else), however, you cannot be Christian and Buddhist Hinduism o There is no origin for Hinduism; it is a massive culture o Did not reject the Vedas; they kept it
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