January 14, 13
- exile – diaspora – restoration
- Reinstituting the primary symbols of Israel.
- The Temple – sacrifice – atonement
- Davidic Monarchy (feature of Israel that is lost with the destruction
of the first temple)
- Two Talmud(s)– Jerusalem and Babylonian
- 586 BCE – Tisha B’av
- 722 BCE – Assyrian exile and split of Israel (deported the northern
- Priests replaced by rabbis later on
- Radical reorganization of Jewish life.
- 615 BCE – 580’s BCE (he disappears and goes to Egypt)
- King Josiah – dies 608 BCE – one of the great reformers – cleansed
Israel of idolatry.
- Jeremiah, Isaiah, and Ezekiel – major prophets
- 1050 BCE – 350 BCE – prophecy in Israel.
- 1050 – 750 BCE – Pre-classical period – Samuel to Amos
- Tell the kings if they should fight or not
- Political intrigue and at a religious level they fought attempts at
syncretism (the blending together of Israelite religion with non-
- They were to reveal the will of G-d – this was not their own voice.
- Seized by G-d
- Don't want to be prophets
- Typically not associated with courts.
- Unpopular (unpopular message)
- Not a social crusade or political movement
- They want to end idolatry and they want repentance (fidelity to the
covenant) – unsuccessful.
- The great conflict at the end of the 600’s is between Babylonia and
- In 605 BCE in Carchemish (a Babylonian city) The B defeated Egypt.
- Babylonia finally gets control of the land thus they take
control/conquer Israel 20 years later.
- They deported most of the leading citizens as well as skilled
workers. Most of the people of the land stayed behind.
- Jehoiakim 609 – 598 BCE – rebelled against Babylonia and Israel
became a hostile state of Babylonia
- His son, Jehoiachin rules for 3 months (598 – 597) – the first
deportations from Israel to Babylonia occurred.
- Zedekiah (last of the Davidic kings) – rules from 597 – 586 BCE - He rebels against Babylonia and makes an alliance with Egypt.
- Jeremiah says to not rebel against Babylonia and give them the
temple – predicts Babylonia’s downfall.
- The religious problem is that it is idolatry.
- Idolatry – Either 1) worshipping idols/other gods or 2) worshipping
G-d the wrong way
- It is the supreme act of unfaithfulness.
- Harlet – infidelity
- Intimate and exclusive
- 3 sins you should die before doing – murder, infidelity, and idolatry
- The only