February 11, 13
- Outstanding Jewish representative of the enlightenment – one of
the primary voices behind Jewish emancipation. – At 14 went to be
a Rabbi in Berlin
- Haskalah – Jewish enlightenment (Maskilim – enlightener/someone
who is becoming enlightened.
- Emancipation – Jews becoming citizens – The journey from tradition
to modernity (filters its values from its past). Modernity says, it’s an
- Widespread of Jewish abandonment (not conversion but reforming).
– The practice and belief did not make them want to convert.
- Reform Judaism
- Don't regard Israel as their home – the place they were born.
- Be a Jew in the home and a man in the street – Judah Gordon
- Jewish integration in society – the breakdown of the Kehilla
- Mendelssohn – Wrote Phaedon
- Established his reputation.
- Defeats Kant in an essay contest to see what enlightenment contest.
- Most of his children converted to Lutheranism.
- Translated the Torah into German.
- Wrote another book called, Jerusalem.
- You are ought to be loyal to the state which grants you rights. –
- Getting rid of Herem
- Get rid of any religious autonomy.
- A belief that people can opt in or opt out.
- Argues for the separation between Church and state.
- The state shapes relationship between human beings – both are
designed to improve people’s lives.
- Reward after life if you are good in this life and the opposite.
- “Be open to non-Jews – things are changing”
- “Don’t segregateyourselves.
- Regard yourself as a German, Engliish, French… wtc….s
- Preaching – Prosperity Gospel – Bring Jews in, the money for the
state will increase and they wont cause a problem.
- Not pushing a philosophical view of emancipation.
- Mendelsohn writes in support of Dohm, a counter to Michelis.
- Political Zionism – G-d isn’t going to send the messiah we have to
have a land for our own.
- Jews give their loyalty to places that take them in.
- The revolution to Jews hav