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March 11.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
La Grone

March 11, 13 Zionism - 3 Types: - 1) Religious - 2) Political - 3) Cultural - Beginnings of Jewish emancipation – finding equal political and economic rights for the Jews. - 4 Ways to respond/approach to modernity: - 1) Pro-Emancipation attitude – We want to be citizens, not get rid of religious identity (be a goy in the street and a Jew in the home). - Religion is sidelined a bit but still relevant - 2) Assimilation – Let’s merge with the people who give us these rights – doesn’t have to be through conversion. Religion is irrelevant. - 3) Enclavism – Emancipation is bad for Judaism because it merges us with the general culture – we have to be separate. By no means a social threat so they are usually left alone. - 4) Zionism – Rejection of these three approaches (mostly a rejection of assimilation). - You can remain a Jews regardless of affiliation – Jews could never be fully accepted by non-Jewish nations. – Also, through human dignity – nationalism – Everyone has a place of their own but the Jews. - Jewish freedom and flourishing – You can be as good and bad as anyone else. – Fairness. - - Chronologically Religious Zionism comes first - Yehuda Alkalai (early) - Tzvi Hersch Kalischer (early) - Abraham Isaac Kook (later) - - For the early - Self help – classical attitude of returning to Israel. - They believe that you don't have to wait for G-d – self help - A rejection of the cult of powerlessness – Richard Rubinstein - They said – Lay low, don't cause any trouble, be good “citizens”, etc… - The arguments of the religious Zionists are very similar to the political Zionists. - Gives Jews an opportunity to learn other skills like agricultural skills unlike being a middleman. – Dohm argued for equal rights but encourage them into other pursuits i.e. agricultural. - The idea is that the land is holy – it needs to be worked – this reduces alienation. - Dignity – like other nations. - In the reading: - It’s going to be a gradual process – if they all move there at once they will live like Bedouins. - 106 @ bottom – They must organize and unite, choose leaders, etc… - Alkalai went out to seek support and he found some. - We have a land which we were taken from – we have a right to it again. - Pg. 111 – Zionism is non-miraculous. - The redemption will begin by waking support by the philanthropists. As well as finding support in other nations (England, France, etc…) - All of Israel wont go in at once (Isaiah – Israel will grow gradually). - Beyond all this – Jewish farming – bringing redemption is a this- worldly way – Non- miraculous and self-help. - Like the other nations – We have a nation, why are we not going to defend it. - - Kook – 1865 – 1935 - Lived from - Civil war – Nazism - Argues that Jewish immigration to Israel (1880’s – starting) (because of pogroms and because of economic value). - Aliyah - Yeridah – going down – in spiritual status. - Judaism needs political sovereignty, instrumentalities of government representative of the majority culture. - The land itself is intrinsically pure (he’s a mystic). - It can be made pure again. - Restoration of Jewish creativity. - He’s a mystic - He’s very esoteric – don't read anything straight forward - The
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