March 18, 13
- First Jewish denomination.
- The dietary restrictions, circumcision, etc… not binding
- German Jews who are not satisfied with present Judaism.
- 1818 – First Reform synagogue – Taken from the word Reformation
- How to best adapt Judaism to modernity.
- Loyalty to the Fatherland was important – they were nationalists.
- The liturgy in Reform synagogues changed radically – Hebrew
removed and the language of the land was used.
- Ignaz Maybaum – Radical – Went to England and made a Reform
- ^His references to Zionism
- Always the Reform view – universalism of Judaism
- Was to be a mission to the nation (a light to the nations0 – Teach
the world about ethical monotheism.
- Deeply skeptical of Zionism
- Pg 202 – “The Jewish state…”
- Important distinction between – Spirituality and Politics(about
- Israel – State of Jews or Jewish State?
- Zion – messianic
- 208 – Rejection of political Zionism – Zionism as the fate of a Jew
- Diaspora Chapter –
- The end of the diaspora would mean the disappearance of the Jew.
- Zionism is to make Jews a nation like the others.
- Rejection of emancipation
- His book Rome and Jerusalem
- A story of his education and growth – I’ve been exiled, now I want
- The first major Jewish thinker to turn to biology for A-S
- Ineffaceable Jewish identity – Jewish blood, etc…
- Paragon (the face of the movement)
- A-S – they were rational – you can deal with them – they want to
solve their problem in relation to a Jewish state.
- He argues that the Reformers strip out the foundation of Judaism.
- “They sucked the marrow out of Judaism”.
- He was confident that gentile nations would help.
- His vision of Zionism is that Israel will be a secular western state - Pinsker
- 1821 - 1891
- Any state
- Need help
- Wrote – Auto-Eman