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Lecture 13

RLG100Y1 Lecture 13: World Religion Lecture 13

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Andre Maintenay

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World Religion Lecture 13
Christianity was never one unified faith, always diverse traditions and beliefs. Sacrificed
its diversity in becoming an imperial religion.
Various attempts to reunify Christianity under one banner.
Community becomes to associate shrines with holiness and as heavenly creature.
One of the big preoccupation of medieval Christianity, is the idea of evil and sin. Very
concerned with figures of Satan and evil. How to resist evil? How to purify oneself
afterlife? Tremendous anxiety of how to mitigate a sin. Theologies are based on this
idea of sin in this time period. God is inaccessible to sinful creatures, like us therefore
achieve mediation and favour of some figure that can advocate for us. This is why they
are out a shrines. This results in cults and different groups.
Politically in eastern side Holy Roman Emperor
The pope is the spiritual leader of the church, therefore responsible for shaping the
Christian community.
The Papacy involved in politics, maintains its own standing army, extremely wealthy and
holds it influence. A lot of controversy on who will lead the western church because of
the superior power it has.
In 14th century multiple popes, three all considering themselves the popes. A lot of
political mess in the Papacy.
All monastic orders start off with the idea to clean the church. What he hears is
commands to repair the church Frances. Interprets this literally that he must physically
repair the church, but it is meant internally the spirituality of the church.
As time goes on as these monastic orders receive recognition from the Papacy they
attract wealth, and power. They become powerful institutions of their own. Begin to
live very simple life, but community supports them and they become wealthy. With
wealth comes corruption.
13-14th century deeply corrupted with all of these other material concerns.
Crusades: The crusades were movement of holy war. That was undertaken by western
church starting in the year 1095. In late 11th century take over Jerusalem by General that
were less tolerant of Christian traditions and pilgrimages. Large bishop requests help,
the pope takes this period to try to unite the western and eastern churches. Also bring
an end to political bickering. Focus energy to common Christian process. Recover
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