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Lecture 7

RLG100Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Mishnah, Talmud, Halakha


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay
Lecture
7

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Religion Lecture 7
66 CE revolution against roman, hundreds of thousands are crucified Jews are killed
70 CE second temple was ruined
132 CE another revolute expelled from Israel. Jewish communities get dispersed over
world. Some moved to Africa others to Europe.
Jews expelled from land of Israel, permitted back once of year on the anniversary of the
destroyed second temple.
Western wall becomes a symbol of the moment in history, the great loss and suffering of
Judais eoes a plae of pilgriage at this tie ad ko as proise lad
The destruction of the second temple had great symbolic role in holding the community
together.
Main challenge how they will remain a continuity in their religious belief
One sect survives this period, the Pharisees the scholars, become intellectual leaders of
society. Only way Judaism will survive in the context of diaspora is to have a very
structured life based on the scriptures, other traditions
Rabbinic Judaism: Lead by Rabbis, different from Judaism by first or second temple,
focused around study or scripture and analysis of scripture. The tradition to continue in a
flexible way. The Torah, Tonka. Will continue the religious community no matter where
they are in Judaism.
Midrash: Line by line commentary of the bible, to extract hidden meanings of bible
The rabbis realize they will need more, because they had more before the temples were
destroyed
Second stream of scriptures, a set of legal material. Mishna: A small text that contains legal
principles, family law, complexities of family situations, relationships among family
members. Contains six different sections. Agriculture, Business, Family. Legal principles
about Jewish life.
3rd century CE, development of commentary on the Mishna, elaborating on legal principles
in the Mishna. Leads to the development of Talmud: Runs into volumes, runs into
reflection and circumstances we might encounter in life. Two types of literature, one legal
Halacha: Legal strand in Talmud. Haggadah: Much more expansive literature, stories,
disussio. Cotai aterial suh as i hat irustae this la eerged?, full of
stories. The Talmud in Judaism represents the written composition what we known as oral
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