RLG100Y1 Lecture Notes - Antireligion

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Published on 17 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Religion
Course
RLG100Y1
Professor
Page:
of 4
RLG100 NOTES FROM SEPTEMBER 10 2012
LECTURE:
Since the beginning of time each culture has had language/religion/music
Historians study it through neutrality
Effects of history: relevance of history increasing
Fundamental to society
Shadow of religion
All “big” questions used to be answered through religion before discovery of science
Religion is seen as something where humans are allowed to experience reality
through different means
Why?
Studied differently through history
After the 30 day war where Christians (prostant/catholic) killed each other
Why are we killing in the name of God?
Move to America and discovered that there was no concept of Christianity
If our lord is truly universal why don’t they know?
Unsettling as aliens
Humans but not common in religion
Trust in religion destroyed
Not universal
What is religion/the universal truth?
No religion truth or false: can only study through the history
In olden times only important figures had birthday celebrated but now not
We are historical beings
It is seen in how we describe ourselves
Rise of rationalism (the scientific revolution)
People became suspicion of religion
It was seen as a way to control the people
People became quite antireligious and the study of religion was tainted
through biased opinions
However no it is taken seriously/without judgment
How do we study religion?
Anthropology: interviews of different civilizations
Sociology
Comparative
Historical (Normative approach)
Without judgment
Structured and intellectual
Practical issue (cults)
Theoretical (theological)
Institutional (Mullah/Priest)
Phenomenology
Religion qua religion (religion studied as religion)
Gerardus Van Leeuw
Think historical approach is too factual
Its more description-al (explained through what is observer): senses
Phenomenology aspects
1. suspension of preconceived ideas about reference of religion
2. Receiving religion through religion
ie. Seen through the eyes of the practitioner
3. Using a comparative approach
Ie. Comparing fasting between religions
4. Empathy: leave your animosity behind when studying
To prevent the reduction of religion
Key Characteristics of Religions:
Name: cant live without as it gives order to reality (less scary)
1. Belief System: there is always a coherent system (functions)
Meaningful structure of reality (explanations)
Worldview/outlook
2. Community: never individuals always a group
3. Central myths (not made up but stories about the religion)
Explain history and help understand the world and sustain faith
Ie. Creation story or myths about people
They are REAL as in they survive through years (they are models)
4. Rituals: there is no fundamental moment without rituals (proposal)
Rituals are what we do to reenact reality
Actions that enact belief system (they make it real through ceremony)
Directly related to the supernatural (give power to the one)
They have a specific function/structure
Transfers from one state to another
Pre-liminal liminal Post-liminal
One person made separate form the others for a while
Through cloths or meal (whit wedding dress)
Creates brotherhood (communion)
However quite exhausting thus have to return
All major events are carried out through ritual

Document Summary

Since the beginning of time each culture has had language/religion/music. All big questions used to be answered through religion before discovery of science. Religion is seen as something where humans are allowed to experience reality through different means. After the 30 day war where christians (prostant/catholic) killed each other. Move to america and discovered that there was no concept of christianity. No religion truth or false: can only study through the history. In olden times only important figures had birthday celebrated but now not. It is seen in how we describe ourselves. It was seen as a way to control the people. People became quite antireligious and the study of religion was tainted through biased opinions. Its more description-al (explained through what is observer): senses. Phenomenology aspects: suspension of preconceived ideas about reference of religion, receiving religion through religion ie. seen through the eyes of the practitioner, using a comparative approach.