RLG100Y1 Lecture Notes - Vedas, Dharma, Universal Rule

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Published on 22 Apr 2013
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UTSG
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Religion
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RLG100Y1
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RLG100 Lecture feb 4
- Jainism took ahimsa (non violence) to the radical end
- Notion of meditation is evident in these 3 religions.
- Balgerana (third sect in Buddhism, in the book read it)
- Zen Buddhism states that awakening can hit you any time and it is instantaneous
awakening.
- Read about Tabatum Buddhism
- Buddhism does not exclude you being something else. Eg, you can be both
Christian and Buddhist.
Hinduism
- The problem with Hinduism is that it is a vast religion. Eg, you can be a Hindu
that does not believe in Gods, you can be a Hindu that believes in one god, you
can be a Hindu who can believe in many gods, etc.
- Hindus reconfigured the Vedas. Meaning, Hinduism is not a Vedic religion and it
is a new religion since they reconfigured the Vedas.
- Upanishads are the text that allowed Hindus to keep the Vedas but reconfigure
them.
- Hinduism says that the solution given by Jainism and Buddhism is radical.
- Eg, you have to become a monk (no marrying, no eating etc) to practice
Buddhism and Jainism properly.
- Nivritti tradition (for the elite, those who are interested in Moksha) and pravritii
tradition (for the householder: those who engage in the world)
- Since majority of the people will chose the Pravritti tradition, dharma becomes
fundamental.
- The dharma is the universal rule of law that governs this universe. Dharma is
rules according to the caste you belong to.
- Hinduism says each human being lives according to their situation and
circumstances. Eg, ahimsa (nonviolence) cannot be applied to a warrior or a
person in danger. The dharma of the soldier is to fight.
- Dharma is present in Buddhism and Jainism as well, but it becomes
FUNDAMENTAL in Hinduism.
- Nivritti: it is divided into 3 ways of attaining Moksha: though knowledge, through
action and through devotion (picking a God and devoting yourself to that god).
- Hinduism says that some humans need an image to think of the divine, but that
doesn’t mean it is the divine. Not all of us can connect to the divine with our
intellect.
- Therefore, Hinduism could be monotheistic, without deities and polytheistic.
- Pravritti tradition: As long as you are in the confines of the dharma, you are
allowed 4 things. There are 4 aims: love (in all its form including sex),
wealth/prosperity, dharma (duties and responsibilities) and moksha (in this level,
the 2 systems have met. There comes a point in your life to become a renunciant
after you have done your full cycle of duty)
Dharma
- Think of dharma on three levels: DHARMA which is in the universal law of all the
world such that it controls everything, then there is dharma on the human level- it
manifests itself in the moral code. The moral code of Hindu dharma has 5
characteristics: ahimsa, truthfulness, not stealing, sexual modesty and non-
possessiveness (absence of greed). The third level of dharma is specific to who
you are and it becomes not morality, but duties. 4 levels of duties: duties to your
caste, stage of life, gender, and duties in status in the family.

Document Summary

Jainism took ahimsa (non violence) to the radical end. Notion of meditation is evident in these 3 religions. Balgerana (third sect in buddhism, in the book read it) Zen buddhism states that awakening can hit you any time and it is instantaneous awakening. Buddhism does not exclude you being something else. The problem with hinduism is that it is a vast religion. Eg, you can be a hindu that does not believe in gods, you can be a hindu that believes in one god, you can be a hindu who can believe in many gods, etc. Meaning, hinduism is not a vedic religion and it is a new religion since they reconfigured the vedas. Upanishads are the text that allowed hindus to keep the vedas but reconfigure them. Hinduism says that the solution given by jainism and buddhism is radical. Eg, you have to become a monk (no marrying, no eating etc) to practice.