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Andre Maintenay

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Nov 24th Islam continued
Islamic Law
Shariah: Created principles that reflect on faith and commitment wit God,
Jewish Law and Christianity Law also the same meaning
-- premises of establishing the society
-- basic principles of faith: behind every religious laws; reflects faith
-- establishes a platform
Four major school of law
1. hanafi school
-- founded by Abu Hanifa
-- he lived in the 8th century, son of a Persian slave;
-- the most famous jurist of Iraq;
-- oldest school of Muslim law;
-- became the official school under the Abbasids;
-- Egypt, Jorden, Lebnan, Syria;
-- famous for its formulation of basic principles of Muslim common will; of
muslim states;
-- no orginal writing scripts, only
-- most wide-spread Sunni legal school
-- leader: Malik Bia Anes
-- lived in late 8th century;
-- originated from Medina in Saudi Arabia;
-- develop the system of the framework;
-- degree to which it relies on Hadith;
-- degree to which it admit the work/opinion of scholars
-- ratio of the importance of different elements
-- Maliki school tends to be relatively liberal school equal weight to the
Sunnah, Quran, allowing import from the community;
-- particularly popular in North Africa, Spain; West Africa (Sudan),
3. Shafi school
-- Shafi founders;
-- one of sharpest, brightest legal mind of his day
-- travel widely, good spand of range of practices;
-- his work significantly changed the nature and scope of Islamic law;
-- advocated an absolute reliance on the Quran and the Sunnah
-- more reticent about including other elements such as reasoning of
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