This is a systematic program of interrogation in medieval times
Led by church but delegated out to secular aut horities. The church directed it in a
board way and the secular authorities implemented.
It was aimed at removing heresy and wrong believes, and took more severe act ion
against heretics. They tortured and punished heretics. The most brutal one was in
Spain. Theologically, It asserted that wrong believes were led by devil.
It was associated with ‘witch-hunting’ phenomenon, which was aimed at
eradicate witchcraft. Widows and women were more likely to be accused as
witchcraft. The inquisition was interrogating whether they were the instrument of
He was a German pr iest and professor of theology who initiated the protestant
He was initially studying law, after surviving in a thunderstorm, he became a
monk. He then became a prolific writer in religion.
Background: many people before him had criticized the degrading church.
He was highly critical of
The simony, where selling and buying clerical off ices without being there to
give people clerical guidance.
The indulgence, which means faith in Jesus and God, is not enough and
people should do charitable practice like donating money to the church, in
order to be out of purgatory and to release one’s loved ones.
Real disagreement was about theological issues: God’s mercy and judgment.
He came to the conclusion: God’s mercy was already there and the sacrifice
of Jesus was enough and what people needed was faith itself. We needed the
New Testament as the guidance and Jesus was the only one through who
people could get access to god. Clergy or ministers were meaningless.
95 theses, a list of Luther’s critical points. In 1517, he posted a list of 95 theses on
the door of a church. And it soon became prevailing.
From 1517 until 1521, Luther had the oppor tunity to withdraw his challenges to
the church but he refused
Eventually he was excommunicated by Charles V. but he was kidnapped by his
Kidnapped and saved by one of his supporter and then in 1.5 year he translated
the New Testament from Greek into German and also produced a string of
He split Christians into two groups, the Protestant Church and the Roman
Catholic Church. From then on, other churches started popping up in 16
Gave up Monastic life and mar r ied a for mer nun who he saved from convent