Francis of Assisi: He was living in 12
century as the son of a wealthy merchant
in central Italy. Once he got ill, he had a dream of God calling him. God told him
to save his church. Firstly, he focused on physical renovations of the church but
finally realized that the call was more about the spiritual repel of church. Then, he
became a monk, establishing Franciscan order.
The problems: there repeatedly was a concern that the established church had
investigated them too many in worldly affairs, too wealthy and powerful, too
much associated with the elite and the powerful in society, rather than the poor,
the unprivileged in the society.
Solution: Movement in restoring the church to its tradition. The monks took a
vow of poverty so that they would live simplistically and would invest themselves
in social and community work in addition to spiritual work.
Community work: One of the elements that became central to monastic tradition
was the community work, they tried to be self-sufficient in cultivating their food
Institution of monasticism. It attracted both poor and rich, then monasteries
became wealth, they controlled tremendous resources of wealth. The institutions
lost their ideas of simplicity, humbleness and service to the poor. It became allied
with the power, paradoxical institutions. As a result of their wealth, they amassed
library, universities. And it became a good place for people who did not want to
marr y and wanted to get out of worldly affairs.
Relationship between monastery and church: functioned as a wing of the church.
To get the permission of popes to become a teaching institution, monasteries had
to deal with them. They could not be too radical. They had to follow the theology
of the church.
Veneration of Saints
Meaning: a collective of heavenly bodies or honor society composed of
Cr iteria for sainthood: the per for mance of attested miracles.
First Saint: The first person to be declared a Saint was a German bishop in the 10
Each Saint is associated with different virtues and was empowered to bestow
blessings upon people. So it was easier to prey to a saint to those who thought
that God was remote, nasty
It became a tradition to put their remains in churches where they’d be
honored. Bones were sown into alt ars in churches. Soon, this kind of
collecting became obligatory for thos e that wanted to found new churches,