Lecture note on Buddhism-Jan 24

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5 Aug 2010
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January 24
Buddhism
- missionary tradition
- origin of India ± spread to all over the world
o to Asia
- Span of 20 years?
- Culturally diverse tradition
- traces its roots to the same Sramana culture (movement of dissent and protest
against the mainstream Vedic religion Æ leaving home to wilderness
- SIDDHARTHA GAUTAMA ± ³WKH%XGGKRQHZKR¶VDZDNHQHGDND
Sakyamuni ± sage of the Sakya
o many Buddha(s) in the past, many to come in the future ± this is the one
who engaged in how we live
o 563 and 483 BCE: Buddhism emerges ± political and social turmoil
o tribal republics going into kingdoms
o hagiography ± very little we can say
o Siddhartha (buddha) is born with upper class family ± tribal chiefs ±
powerful, influential ± only son ± miracles surround his birth ± different
sages go visit him ± sees suspicious marks ± either become a universal
emperor ± renounce the world all together, a sramana ± parents think
about the prophecy; decide to mold him into the universal emperor ±
protect him; put him in beautiful surroundings/luxuries ± Buddha curious
about the world so his father arranges a tour ± father cleans up
4 different sights that disturb him ± stray, hunched, elderly man;
person in distress, horrifying disease in great pain and anguish;
funeral, body being carried in coffin
goes home and reflects on own life; questions his workers
looking out his palace window, he sees the fourth sight ± sees a
monk; this was the answer ± resolves about leaving home and
becoming a sramana ± approaches his father about turmoil in his
head ± father locks all palace doors
escapes and becomes a monk ± about 29 years old
join a group of extreme aesthetics ± torture, pain, meditation ±
starvation ± gets really sick ± saved by woman ± found out that all
WKHSUDFWLFHVKH¶VSXUVXHGGRHVQ¶Whelp
sits at base of tree and meditates ± he goes through various phases
through the night and by dawn he achieved awakening
sits at base of tree for 40 days/40nights
approaches companions ± admitted back into group
over the course of time he brought his group to the same
awakening and they started to teach ± community evolved
eventually large following
Buddha
- Compared to a physician?
- 4 basic truths of Buddhism:
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

Origin of india  spread to all over the world to asia. Culturally diverse tradition traces its roots to the same sramana culture (movement of dissent and protest against the mainstream vedic religion  leaving home to wilderness. S 4 different sights that disturb him  stray, hunched, elderly man; person in distress, horrifying disease in great pain and anguish; funeral, body being carried in coffin. S goes home and reflects on own life; questions his workers. S escapes and becomes a monk  about 29 years old. S join a group of extreme aesthetics  torture, pain, meditation  starvation  gets really sick  saved by woman  found out that all. S sits at base of tree and meditates  he goes through various phases through the night and by dawn he achieved awakening. S sits at base of tree for 40 days/40nights. S approaches companions  admitted back into group.

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