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Lecture

Lecture notes on Buddhism-February 5th

2 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay

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February 5
Buddhism ± Groups:
1. Theravada ± Arhant ± enlightened person
2. Mahayana ± UPAYA (main difference) ± skillful needs/skill ± really gifted
teacher has special skill that he or she brings to the work of educating ± Buddha is
an especially gifted educator ± canon of scripture is never completely closed ± see
a much greater role for common people ± Bodhisattva ± figure who achieves the
KLJKHVWOHYHOVRINQRZOHGJHGRHVQ¶WHQWHUWKHVWDJHRIHWHUQDOKDSSLQHVVXQWLODOO
other beings are able to be awakened ± reconceptualized the figure/understanding
of the Buddha (in other traditions (Theravada) ± Buddha = historical figure that
achieved awakening) ± developed in a much more expansive way so that the
Buddha is seen as a multidimensional concept ±
- Buddha has 3 dimensions/form (3 bodies of the Buddha)
o 1. appearance body ± reference to the historical narrative associated with
the Buddha ± the physical form Buddha takes on ± physical manifestations
o 2. the body of bliss ± the idea that the Buddha manifests himself in
various ways and one way in which he does that is he creates different
heavenly worlds/realms where people can be reborn ± like physical spaces
± these different realms are much more pleasurable/easier to live in than
the world occupied by humans at the moment ± the world in which you
and I are struggling (various things that cause Dukha) ± if you achieve
DFHUWDLQOHYHO\RXFDQEHUHERUQLQWRDGLIIHUHQWVSDFHLQZKLFKZHGRQ¶W
face the same challenges (no work, caring for family, expend so much
energy and time) ± can focus on the things that really matter in our
spiritual life ± e.g. meditation, indulge in contemplation for lengthy
periods ± from this space, it is easier to achieve awakening? ± get reborn
through the Bodhisattva (compassion) - each Bodhisattva has its own
heavenly realm ± each of these are structured by Buddha/Bodhisattva
o 3. Dharma body ± the Buddha exists within all beings as µ%XGGKD
1DWXU (the potential for all beings to achieve enlightenment) ±
everyone has the potential to be enlightened
Buddha ± achieved the highest level of awakening ± gone through existence ± not reborn
Bodhisattva ± reborn voluntarily
Buddhism movement ± Sri Lanka Æ South/North Asia Æ Split
By the 11th century ± dies down
Buddhism - moves to North Asia ± mainly Mahayana
- in 1st century CE ± in China ± through merchants ± GRHVQ¶WUHDOO\WDNHRIIPDNH
an impact in china ± KDVLWVRZQQDWLYHWUDGLWLRQWKDW¶VHODERUDWHDQGZHOO
theorized ± in the 2nd impact ± 4th century CE ± Buddhism as a foreign tradition
takes hold of Northern China ± about 6th century CE ± Buddhism starts to make
an impact on the south part of China ± between the 6th and 10th Century ±
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Description
February 5 Buddhism Groups: 1. Theravada Arhant enlightened person 2. Mahayana UPAYA (main difference) skillful needsskill really gifted teacher has special skill that he or she brings to the work of educating Buddha is an especially gifted educator canon of scripture is never completely closed see a much greater role for common people Bodhisattva figure who achieves the KLJK089O0;0O841N34ZO0J040839039079K089,J04109073,OK,55L3088:39LO,OO other beings are able to be awakened reconceptualized the figureunderstanding of the Buddha (in other traditions (Theravada) Buddha = historical figure that achieved awakening) developed in a much more expansive way so that the Buddha is seen as a multidimensional concept - Buddha has 3 dimensionsform (3 bodies of the Buddha) o 1. appearance body reference to the historical narrative associated with the Buddha the physical form Buddha takes on physical manifestations o 2. the body of bliss the idea that the Buddha manifests himself in various ways and one way in which he does that is he creates different heavenly worldsrealms where people can be reborn like physical spaces these different realms are much more pleasurableeasier to live in than the world occupied by humans at the moment the world in which you and I are struggling (
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