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Lecture

Lecture notes on Hinduism-February 26th


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay

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February 26
Hinduism
- theoretically speaking ± Hinduism = liberal (not defined by belief)
- Upanishads ± secret teaching
- Fundamentals of Hinduism are based on the Upanishads
2 ideas coming out of the Upanishads:
1) Atman ± unaffected by the physical self
2) Brahman ± ultimate reality (interconnectedness of all beings, contention that
all beings share the same foundation)
- Jain/Budd. Only interested in an audience interested in Moksha (celibacy,
monasticism)
- Hinduism ± talks in two levels (1. addresses those interested in Moksha; 2.
general public)
- NIVRTTI ± seeks more religious/spiritual answers (withdrawal) ± sramana
o one goal Æ Moksha (achieving lasting peace)
o How? ± the path that you follow depends on who you are as an individual;
o 3 major ways that lead to Moksha: (yoga ± path)
1. Jnana yoga ± ³WKHSDWKRINQRZOHGJHZLVGRP´
2. Karma yoga ± ³WKHSDWKRIDFWLRQ´± enthusiastic beings
3. Bhakti yoga - ³WKHSDWKRIGHYRWLRQZRUVKLS´± for those who are
emotional/moved by sentiment
1) Jnana yoga (the path of knowledge)
- achieving the correct understanding/attaining the correct wisdom leads to Moksha
(moves you along)
- knowledge: knowledge of the difference between the real and the unreal;
knowledge about ultimate reality
- Real: technical term with specific meaninJµWKHGLIIHUHQFHEHWZHHQZKDWVHHPV
WREHWUXHDQGZKDWLVDFWXDOO\WUXH¶µZKDW¶VFRQGLWLRQDODQGZKDW¶VHWHUQD
µZKDW¶VREYLRXVDQGZKDW¶VDELGLQJ¶± Real ± UNCHANGING (western tradition;
god is Real); (Hinduism; Brahman is Real; Atman-self is unchanging)
- Knowledge ± finding difference between real and unreal
- Problem ± of ignorance; lack of knowledge of who one truly is (in need of
correction)
- Reality is NON-DUAL (Brahman) ± only one but we perceive it to be multiple
and this is a function of our ignorance and is often translated as our illusion
(MAYA)
- Waking from dream = achieve higher level of knowledge
- Reality (Brahman) vs. illusion?
- PRAVRTTI - not so spiritual/ritualistic
www.notesolution.com
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