Lecture notes on Hinduism-February 26th

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5 Aug 2010
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February 26
Hinduism
- theoretically speaking ± Hinduism = liberal (not defined by belief)
- Upanishads ± secret teaching
- Fundamentals of Hinduism are based on the Upanishads
2 ideas coming out of the Upanishads:
1) Atman ± unaffected by the physical self
2) Brahman ± ultimate reality (interconnectedness of all beings, contention that
all beings share the same foundation)
- Jain/Budd. Only interested in an audience interested in Moksha (celibacy,
monasticism)
- Hinduism ± talks in two levels (1. addresses those interested in Moksha; 2.
general public)
- NIVRTTI ± seeks more religious/spiritual answers (withdrawal) ± sramana
o one goal Æ Moksha (achieving lasting peace)
o How? ± the path that you follow depends on who you are as an individual;
o 3 major ways that lead to Moksha: (yoga ± path)
1. Jnana yoga ± ³WKHSDWKRINQRZOHGJHZLVGRP´
2. Karma yoga ± ³WKHSDWKRIDFWLRQ´± enthusiastic beings
3. Bhakti yoga - ³WKHSDWKRIGHYRWLRQZRUVKLS´± for those who are
emotional/moved by sentiment
1) Jnana yoga (the path of knowledge)
- achieving the correct understanding/attaining the correct wisdom leads to Moksha
(moves you along)
- knowledge: knowledge of the difference between the real and the unreal;
knowledge about ultimate reality
- Real: technical term with specific meaninJµWKHGLIIHUHQFHEHWZHHQZKDWVHHPV
WREHWUXHDQGZKDWLVDFWXDOO\WUXH¶µZKDW¶VFRQGLWLRQDODQGZKDW¶VHWHUQD
µZKDW¶VREYLRXVDQGZKDW¶VDELGLQJ¶± Real ± UNCHANGING (western tradition;
god is Real); (Hinduism; Brahman is Real; Atman-self is unchanging)
- Knowledge ± finding difference between real and unreal
- Problem ± of ignorance; lack of knowledge of who one truly is (in need of
correction)
- Reality is NON-DUAL (Brahman) ± only one but we perceive it to be multiple
and this is a function of our ignorance and is often translated as our illusion
(MAYA)
- Waking from dream = achieve higher level of knowledge
- Reality (Brahman) vs. illusion?
- PRAVRTTI - not so spiritual/ritualistic
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Document Summary

Hinduism theoretically speaking hinduism = liberal (not defined by belief) Fundamentals of hinduism are based on the upanishads. 2 ideas coming out of the upanishads: atman unaffected by the physical self, brahman ultimate reality (interconnectedness of all beings, contention that all beings share the same foundation) Only interested in an audience interested in moksha (celibacy, monasticism) Hinduism talks in two levels (1. addresses those interested in moksha; 2. general public) Knowledge: knowledge of the difference between the real and the unreal; knowledge about ultimate reality. ,984-;4:8,3/,98,-/3 real unchanging (western tradition; god is real); (hinduism; brahman is real; atman-self is unchanging) Knowledge finding difference between real and unreal. Problem of ignorance; lack of knowledge of who one truly is (in need of correction) Reality is non-dual (brahman) only one but we perceive it to be multiple and this is a function of our ignorance and is often translated as our illusion (maya)

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