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Lecture

Lecture Notes on Jainism-Jan 22


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay

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January 22nd
- major symbol of the Jain tradition: SVASTIKA
o sacred space ± all Indic tradition
o mark sacred places with the this symbol
o auspiciousness, holiness
Svastika in Jainism:
- the four legs of the Svastika represent the 4 basic realms of rebirth
- include, plants, animal, hell-being, and divinity
- also recognized plants
- center is human
- 3 dots: represent the 3 jewels of the Jain tradition
o 1. right belief of faith/view ± can be shared
o 2. right knowledge ± over the course of many years in practice of the Jain
tradition ± right knowledge will unfold ± insight that develops over the
course of lengthy years of practice ± NOT book-knowledge/shared ±
personally experience firsthand
o 3. right conduct ± right knowledge is determined by right conduct ±
behaving well in the world ± exception degree of emphasis on ethics
- moon like shape: aspiration/desire for liberation ± freedom
- dot on top: focus of one that is liberation ± focus of meditations ± the goal, what we
want to achieve, moksha
5 principles of Jainism:
1. Ahimsa ± non-harm/injury/violence
- Living without exploitation
- Most important ethic of the Jain tradition
- Not causing injuries to ANY beings
- Jains are naturally vegetarian
- Even plant life is to be respected and is to be used sparingly
- Develop a sensitivity ± universe contains many microorganisms ± avoid
harming them in any way
- Take up projects ± save animals and shit
- Buy and release animals ± goal: to rehabilitate animals
- occupations that are discouraged: butchers, executioner, certain waitresses,
farmers, no selling animal products
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