Hinduism: Paths to Heaven
Reading: Ch. 5 “The Hindu Tradition, “ pp. 259-281
1.Jnana yoga – path of knowledge
•Term that stands at centre of path of knowledge is reality
What types of knowledge?
•Knowledge of difference b/w Real and Unreal
•Difference b/w that which exists and that which seems to exist
•Difference b/w obvious and the Real
•Difference b/w the essential and the conditional
•Draw the line b/w the way things look and the way things are
•The Real is a technical term in Hinduism
•What is implied is something that is unchanging lasting, permanent as opposed to
things that are constantly subject to alteration and transformation, constantly
•What is the essence of something?
•Atman = Brahman
•What is ultimate relationship b/w Brahman and of reality that we see?
•Ultimately speaking, the world is non-dual, there are not 2 realities, jus one,
•We perceive reality because of the limitations o our minds, the power of illusion,
known as Maya
How does Maya work?
•Many analogies, e.g. snake and the rope
•In tropical country, coming home late at night, come to doorstep and see long
windey object on doorstep, immediately think it’s a snake
•Then somebody from inside turns light on and as soon as they turn light on, you
see it’s a rope, not snake
•Therefore superimposed your assumption, thinking it was a snake, reacted as
though it was the trut h, but reality was really something different
•Ignorance of reality made one react as though it was something else
•Ontological– reference to ultimate reality
•Epistemological – difference generated by our different knowledge, greater/lesser
knowledge of something
•We see and operate in a world of Maya, as long as we’re more effect by difference,
we’re operating in mode of Maya, as soon as we’re able to penetrate the illusion of