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Lecture 14

Lecture 14 - jainism and sikhism

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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay

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RLG 100/280 - LECTURE 14
SIKHISM
JAINISM
SIKHISM
from sikh (“disciple”)
• community of SikhsPanth
• arose in context of Sant tradition (N. India)
Guru Nanak (1469-1539) – first Sikh Guru
-biography drawn from janam-sakhis
-had mystical experience – given cup of amrit (“nectar of immortality”) from God
-responded with mul mantra (“primary” mantra)
• Nanak ad followers settled in Punjab region (N.E. India)
• emphasis on meditation, hymn-singing, recollection of God’s name (influence of bhakti and
Sufism)
• 9 successors (Gurus) to Nanak – succession hereditary after 4
th
Guru (Ramdas)
• under Ramdas, Amrtisar (“pool of the nectar of immortality”) founded
• under 5
th
Guru (Arjan), Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple) built
Adi Granth compiled under Arjan (formal readers of Adi Granth – granthis)
• sacred textAdi Granth (“first book,” composed of works by Nanak and later saints)
-granthi: official reader of Adi Granth
• 10
th
guru, Gobind Singh (1666-1708), formed the Khalsa – elite group of Sikhs
-designated the Adi Granth as future Guru – Guru Granth Sahib
-gave male Khalsa members name Singh (“lion”), female Kaur (“princess)
• 5 distinct marks of male members of Khalsa (panj kakke, or 5 Ks)
• growth of Sikh self-identity, independence in particular in 18
th
-19
th
c.
• independent consolidated state of Punjab under Ranjit Singh (1780-1839)
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Description
RLG 100280 - LECTURE 14 SIKHISM JAINISM SIKHISM from sikh (disciple) community of Sikhs Panth arose in context of Sant tradition (N. India) Guru Nanak (1469-1539) first Sikh Guru -biography drawn from janam-sakhis -had mystical experience given cup of amrit (nectar of immortality) from God -responded with mul mantra (primary mantra) Nanak ad followers settled in Punjab region (N.E. India) emphasis on meditation, hymn-singing, recollection of Gods name (influence of bhakti and Sufism) 9 successors (Gurus) to Nanak succession hereditary after 4 Guru (Ramdas) under Ramdas, Amrtisar (pool of the nectar of immortality) founded th under 5 Guru (Arjan), Harimandir
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